Jíbaro Resistance and Continuity

  • Tony Castanha


Both active and passive resistance to Spanish colonialism defined the sixteenth-century indigenous struggle in Borikén. The next two hundred years of history would see a form of passive resistance that could be described as a type of silence from the outside world. Aside from some census figures and their own inner selves, the Jíbaro Indian as a living reality is virtually nowhere to be found during this period. But this is precisely the way they would have wanted it, by not drawing attention to themselves. Their safety and survival would depend on their anonymity. As James Scott writes about resistance in peasantry struggles, “the self-interested muteness of the antagonists thus conspire to create a kind of complicitous silence that all but expunges everyday forms of resistance from the historical record.”1 The Jíbaro continued along their stubborn way not caring what anyone else would think as long as they remained free.


Indigenous People Mountain Region Population Count Late Eighteenth Century Indian People 
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© Tony Castanha 2011

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  • Tony Castanha

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