To Serve the Queen

  • Robert C. Braddock
Part of the Queenship and Power book series (QAP)


Many scholars have stressed that Mary and Elizabeth faced similar problems at their accessions: empty treasuries, hostile neighbors, religious conflict at home and abroad, not to mention a disputed claim to the throne itself. This essay adds one more topic to this list: court establishments inherited from their predecessors, whose members had loyalties and beliefs different from their own. It addresses the important but frequently overlooked aspect of the transition from the reign of each of Henry VIII’s children to the next. It shows that Mary and Elizabeth were driven by different motives when making appointments to their household establishments. For Mary past loyalty and religion were paramount, while for Elizabeth bureaucratic routine took precedence, so much so that by the end of her reign, her servants came to view their posts as a kind of property that if they could not legally sell, they could not be deprived of it without compensation.


Privy Council Henry VIII Court Office Administrative Experience Lowly Chipper 
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© Anna Whitelock and Alice Hunt 2010

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  • Robert C. Braddock

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