The Zionists describe their movement almost exclusively in terms of Jewish history, Jewish aspirations, and Jewish nationalist thought. They claim that political Zionism and the creation of Israel were the inevitable fulfillment of Jewish messianism, a biblically inspired, centuries-old Jewish yearning to return to and reclaim Palestine. Political Zionism is traced back exclusively to Theodore Herzl and his Jewish predecessors in the nineteenth century, who worked out the secularist vision of a Jewish “restoration” that would be achieved by human agency.2 This historiography is misleading since it leaves out the Christian antecedents of, and connections to, Zionism.
Nineteenth Century Jewish History Literalist Reading Jewish State Choose People
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