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Deadly Symbiosis? The PCC, the State, and the Institutionalization of Violence in São Paulo, Brazil

  • Graham Denyer Willis
Part of the Studies of the Americas book series (STAM)

Abstract

Soon after the democratic opening of the Brazilian political system in 1985, the city of São Paulo began to experience rapidly escalating violence. Homicide rates rose to levels expected under conditions of open warfare, with some 10,845 people killed in 1999 (SSP 2007). This violence was particularly acute in the periphery of the city, where many neighborhoods suffered upwards of 100 murders per 100,000 people per year (SEADE 2007), over five times the Latin American average. The prognosis for public security at the turn of the millennium was thus highly negative. To almost universal surprise, however, violence in São Paulo experienced a remarkable decline from 2000 onwards. By 2005, the overall number of homicides had dropped by 48 percent compared to the 1999 peak (SSP 2007). One of the most significant factors underlying this decline was a dramatic reduction in homicide rates in some of the city’s most violent peripheral neighborhoods. The homicide rate in the District of Cidade Tiradentes, for example, which had been 107 per 100,000 in 2000, had declined to 13 per 100,000 by 2006 (SEADE 2007).

Keywords

Public Security Homicide Rate Armed Group Prison System Zero Tolerance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Gareth A. Jones and Dennis Rodgers 2009

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  • Graham Denyer Willis

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