Regional Multilevel Governance in the Americas?

  • Olivier Dabène
Part of the The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy book series (SPIRP)


As previously mentioned, the 1990s have witnessed an amazing reactivation of regional integration in the Americas. In addition to the relaunching of older processes in Central America and in the Andes, and the initiation of new ones in North America (NAFTA) and the Southern Cone (MERCOSUR), the overall panoramabecame increasingly complex following the 1994 Summit of the Americas and the subsequent opening of hemispherical negotiations. At that time, conventional wisdom was that all the different existing integration processes would converge. A decade later, the project of a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) was stalemated, but the Summit of the Americas Process was alive, tentatively addressing a growing number of issues. In parallel, reacting to the frustration caused by the failed FTAA, the United States started to negotiate bilateral Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). Venezuela, on its side, chose to oppose the FTAA, offering the Latin Americans a “Bolivarian Alternative” (ALBAN).


Civil Society Regional Integration Regional Governance Issue Area Trade Facilitation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Olivier Dabène 2009

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  • Olivier Dabène

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