Advertisement

Islamist Mobilization and Variation in the Turkish State

Chapter
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

Turkey presents an extremely interesting and unique case for understanding the variation in Islamist mobilization. It has the historical legacy of the Ottoman Empire, where the caliphate was the center of Islam.1 Yet, in 1923, it charted a new course when it underwent a radical secularizing revolution that severely limited the role of religion in the public sphere. In what some might call an Islamic counterrevolution, many of the most severe of these policies were eased in the 1950s. Now, Turkey seeks to become the first Muslim country to be admitted into the European Union. Throughout its history, Turkey has actively chartered courses, rather than passively responding to them.

Keywords

Political Party Muslim World Turkish State Islamic School Religious Affair 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 2.
    Sayari, Sabri, “The Changing Party System,” in Politics, Parties and Elections in Turkey, eds. Sabri Sayari and Yilmaz Esmer (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2002), 22.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Ozbudun, Ergun, Contemporary Turkish Politics (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2000), 83.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Yavuz, Hakan, Islamic Political Identity in Turkey (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 213.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Toprak, Binnaz, “The State, Politics and Religion in Turkey,” in State, Democracy and the Military: Turkey in the 1980s, eds. Metin Heper and Ahmet Evin (Boulder: Westview Press, 1988), 125.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Yesilada, Birol. A, “The Virtue Party,” Turkish Politics 10, no. 33 (2002): 65.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    White, Jenny. B, Islamist Mobilization in Turkey: A Study in Vernacular Politics (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002), 114–115.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    Sakallioglu, Umit Cizre, “Parameters and Strategies of Islam-State Interaction in Republican Turkey,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 28 (1996): 243.Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    Pope, Nicole, and Pope, Hugh, Turkey Unveiled (New York: The Overlook Press, 1998), 318.Google Scholar
  9. 13.
    Atacan, Fulya, “Explaining Religious Politics at the Crossroad: AKP-SP,” Turkish Studies 6, no. 2 (June 2005): 188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 20.
    Narli, Nilufer, “The Rise of the Islamist Movement in Turkey,” Middle East Review of International Affairs 3, no. 33 (September 1999): 42.Google Scholar
  11. 23.
    Howe, Marvine, Turkey Today (Boulder: Westview Press, 2000), 29, and White, Islamist Mobilization in Turkey, 120.Google Scholar
  12. 25.
    The February 28th process or “soft coup” constituted a widespread crackdown on Islamist leaders. Recep Tayyip Erdogan was thrown into prison after reading a poem by Turkish nationalist Ziya Golkap. Foundations and newspapers sympathetic to the Islamists were all closed. The military boycotted Islamist businesses. Professors accused of reactionary views were barred from university posts of dean or rector. Mango, Andrew, The Turks Today (New York: The Overlook Press, 2004), 97.Google Scholar
  13. 27.
    Onis, Ziya, “The Political Economy of Islam and Democracy in Turkey: From the Welfare Party to the AKP.” Draft paper (May 2005), 8.Google Scholar
  14. 28.
    Guens-Ayata, Ayse, and Sencer, Ayata, “Ethnic and Religious Bases of Voting,” in Politics, Parties and Elections in Turkey, eds. Sabri Sayari and Yilmaz Esmer (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2002), 148.Google Scholar
  15. 38.
    Cagaptay, Soner, “The November 2002 Elections and Turkey’s New Political Era,” Middle East Review of International Affairs 6, no. 4 (December 2002): 42.Google Scholar
  16. 39.
    Bahar, Heymi, “The Real Winners and Losers of Turkey’s July 2007 Elections,” Middle East Review of International Affairs 11, no. 3 (September 2007): 69.Google Scholar
  17. 47.
    Vertigans, Stephen, Islamic Roots and Resurgence in Turkey (London: Praeger, 2003), 73.Google Scholar
  18. 61.
    Aras, Bulent, and Gokhan, Bacik, “The Mystery of Turkish Hizballah,” Middle East Policy 9, no 2 (June 2002): 150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 72.
    Lesser, Ian, “Turkey: ‘Recessed’ Islamic Politics and Convergence with the West,” in The Muslim World After 9/11, eds. Angel Rabasa, Cheryl Benard, Peter Chalk, C. Christine Fair, Theodore Karasik, Rollie Lal, Ian Lesser, and David Thaler (Arlington: Rand, 2004), 195.Google Scholar
  20. 73.
    Nugent, John Jr, “The Defeat of Turkish Hizballah as a Model for Counter-Terrorism Strategy,” Middle East Review of International Affairs 8, no. 1 (March 2004): 72.Google Scholar
  21. 83.
    Aras, Bulent, and Caha, Omer, “Fetullah Gulen and his Liberal ‘Turkish Islam’ Movement,” Middle East Review of International Affairs 4, no. 4 (December 2000): 34Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Julie Chernov Hwang 2009

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations