From Tax Competition to Social Race to the Bottom? European Models and the Challenge of Mobility

  • Jean-Paul Fitoussi
  • Fiorella Kostoris Padoa Schioppa


In all the fields in which the European Union (EU) feels anxious to make progress, the welfare state seems to be the most urgent cause for reform. As the issue runs deep into most European citizens’ everyday life, it is only natural that it should become the focal point of the EU’s anxieties and hopes, at a time when it is torn between the erosion of national sovereignty and its elusive replacement by that of a federal state.


European Union Member State Social Protection Pension Scheme Social Spending 
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  3. 17.
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© Jean-Paul Fitoussi and Fiorella Kostoris Padoa Schioppa 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Paul Fitoussi
  • Fiorella Kostoris Padoa Schioppa

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