The Occupation 1940–44: Collaborationism, Collaboration and Resistance

  • David Drake
Part of the French Politics, Society and Culture Series book series (FPSC)


On 3 September 1939, two days after the German invasion of Poland, France and Britain declared war on Germany. This marked the start of what became known as the Phoney War, a state of being at war without waging war, which lasted until the German offensive of May 1940. It was during the Phoney War that the French government moved against the ‘internal enemy’, namely, the French Communist Party. At the end of August, in the wake of the Nazi-Soviet pact, the government had already banned L’Humanité and Ce soir, although from October L’Humanité was published clandestinely. Despite these measures and the PCF’s view that France was headed by a reactionary government, communist deputies had voted war credits on 2 September, called for national unity, and declared it was committed to defending France in the event of a German attack.


Resistance Group German Occupation German Authority French People Occupy Zone 
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Copyright information

© David Drake 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Drake
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Middlesex UniversityUK
  2. 2.Institut d’études européenesParis VIII UniversityFrance

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