From ‘Republican Defence’ to Defence of the Patrie

  • David Drake
Part of the French Politics, Society and Culture Series book series (FPSC)


The objective of the coalition government formed under Waldeck-Rousseau in June 1899 was to defend the Republic against the threat from the Church and the reactionary Right while reinforcing democracy. In order to keep the Army in check, one of the ‘butchers’ of the Paris Commune, General de Galliffet, was appointed Minister of War and, to balance this move, the socialist Alexandre Millerand became Minister of Trade and Industry.


Europe Amid Influenza Germinal Smoke 


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Copyright information

© David Drake 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Drake
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Middlesex UniversityUK
  2. 2.Institut d’études européenesParis VIII UniversityFrance

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