At the start of the second millennium, even as the world enters a new age of unparalleled globalism, local communities in many parts of our ‘global village’ are breaking up, sundering along the fault lines of ethnicity. In Ambon, Bosnia, Sri Lanka, East Timor and the former Soviet republics of Central Asia, populations once united by ties of respect, practicality, neighbourliness and mutual interdependence have become divided, estranged by recrimination, fear and death. Former neighbours have become strangers; old friends have turned into bitter enemies; people once looked up to as community stalwarts have been reduced to homeless, rootless refugees.


Communal Violence Vote Share Colonial Period Princely State Communal Conflict 
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Copyright information

© Ian Copland 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Copland
    • 1
  1. 1.Monash UniversityAustralia

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