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Leaning to one side: Japanese diplomacy and the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1950–60

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Abstract

The origins of the Cold War lay not in the post-war division of Asia but in superpower disagreement over the future of Europe. Stalin’s demand for a strategic buffer zone to prevent another invasion from the West caused President Harry Truman to respond with a policy of containment and deterrence. To this end, the US concluded a series of alliances aimed at preventing the spread of Communist power, resulting in much of the world being divided into two antagonistic blocs. Each superpower was able to exploit its hegemonic status to impose loyalty within its own bloc: increasing the costs of defection by encouraging economic and strategic dependence.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Foreign Minister China Issue Peace Treaty Diplomatic Relation 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    For details on the background to SCAP’s controversial decision see Masumi Junnosuke, Postwar Politics in Japan, 1945–1955 (1985) Berkeley: 101–3.Google Scholar
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    Saito Motohide, ‘The “Highly Crucial” Decision Making Model and the 1956 Soviet— Japanese Normalization of Relations’ Acta Slavica laponica (1991): 152. Later Hatoyama personally claimed the credit for recognising the importance of normalising relations with Moscow in order to preserve world peace. However, according to one of his closest advisors, the conversion of the hard-line anti-Communist Hatoyama to the cause of Soviet Japanese normalisation came at the hands of two former diplomats, Sugihara Arata and Yamada Hisanari. The turnabout was rather sudden. Just two months earlier he had warned that, ‘Communist aggression in Asia is very intense’, and it is ‘necessary for us to prevent Japan from being Communised.’ Hatoyama Ichiro, Hatoyama Ichiro Kaikoroku (1957): 11; Sugihara Arata, Gaikö no kangaekata (1965), cited in Tanaka (1990): 106; Hatoyama Ichiro, ‘Nihon mezasu sekishoku kakumei’ Jimbutsu Orai (July 1952) 1(7): 3.Google Scholar
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    Japan’s ambassadors to the UN (Sawada RenzO) and the US (Iguchi Sadao) were of this opinion. Lodge to Dulles, 31 Dec. 1954, 611.94/12–3154; MC, Iguchi andGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© C. W. Braddick 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Musashi UniversityTokyoJapan

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