Idealism Assimilated: Frederick Temple
A remote Cornish parish in the late eighteenth century would not normally come to mind when considering the origins of the nineteenth century ‘Broad Church’ movement. However, the descendants of two successive vicars of the benefice of St Gluvias near Falmouth were to play a major part in the life of the Church of England in Queen Victoria’s reign. In 1776, William Temple (1739–96) was presented to St Gluvias, which was rumoured to be ‘the best living in the [then] diocese of Exeter’,1 with a revenue of over £500 per annum. William’s grandson, Frederick, as Bishop of Exeter, would be the guiding influence on the foundation of the new diocese of Truro a hundred years later in 1877. The second link with the nineteenth-century Church of England came from William’s predecessor at St Gluvias, John Penrose. Penrose was the grandfather of Mary Penrose, who was later to become Mrs Thomas Arnold, the wife of the famous Headmaster of Rugby whose career was immortalised by Thomas Hughes in Tom Brown’s Schooldays.
KeywordsNineteenth Century Moral Legitimation Providential Evolution Anglican Idealism Theological Debate
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