• Yochai Ataria


This chapter introduces this book’s main contention: Body-disownership is a destructive mechanism that can develop as a result of long-lasting and ongoing trauma. The long-term outcomes of this destructive mechanism constitute the very essence of complex posttraumatic symptoms.


  1. Améry, J. (1980). At the mind’s limits (S. Rosenfeld & S. P. Rosenfeld, Trans.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Botvinick, M., & Cohen, J. (1998). Rubber hand ‘‘feel’’ touch that eyes see. Nature, 391, 756.Google Scholar
  3. de Vignemont, F. (2007). Habeas corpus: The sense of ownership of one’s own body. Mind & Language, 22(4), 427–449.
  4. de Vignemont, F. (2010). Embodiment, ownership and disownership. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(1), 82–93.Google Scholar
  5. de Vignemont, F. (2011). A self for the body. Metaphilosophy, 42(3), 230–247.
  6. de Vignemont, F. (2017). Mind the body. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Degenaar, J. (2012). Perceptual engagement. Antwerpen: University of Antwerp.Google Scholar
  8. Degenaar, J. (2013). Through the inverting glass: First-person observations on spatial vision and imagery. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 13(2), 373–393.Google Scholar
  9. First, M. B. (2005). Desire for amputation of a limb: Paraphilia, psychosis, or a new type of identity disorder. Psychological Medicine, 35(6), 919–928.Google Scholar
  10. Gallagher, S. (2000). Philosophical conceptions of the self: Implications for cognitive science. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4(1), 14–21.Google Scholar
  11. Gallagher, S. (2005). How the body shapes the mind. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Giummarra, M. J., Gibson, S. J., Georgiou-Karistianis, N., & John, B. L. (2008). Mechanisms underlying embodiment, disembodiment and loss of embodiment. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 32(1), 143–160.
  13. Herman, J. L. (1992a). Complex PTSD: A syndrome in survivors of prolonged and repeated trauma‏. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 5(3), 377–391.
  14. Herman, J. L. (1992b). Trauma and recovery. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  15. Leder, D. (1990). The absent body. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  16. Merleau-Ponty, M. (2002). Phenomenology of perception (C. Smith, Trans.) London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  17. Noë, A. (2004). Action in perception. Cambridge: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  18. O’Regan, K. J., & Noë, A. (2001). What it is like to see: A sensorimotor theory of perceptual experience. Synthese, 129(1), 79–103.Google Scholar
  19. Ratcliffe, M. (2008). Feelings of being. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Ratcliffe, M. (2015). Experiences of depression. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Scaer, R. C. (2007). The body bears the burden: Trauma, dissociation, and disease. New York: Haworth Medical Press.Google Scholar
  22. Schilder, P. (1935). The image and appearance of the human body. New York: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
  23. Stratton, G. M. (1896). Some preliminary experiments on vision without inversion of the retinal image. Psychological Review, 3(6), 611–617.Google Scholar
  24. Vallar, G., & Ronchi, R. (2009). Somatoparaphrenia: A body delusion. A review of the neuropsychological literature. Experimental Brain Research, 192(3), 533–551.
  25. Van der Kolk, B. A. (2014). The body keeps the score. New York: Viking.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yochai Ataria
    • 1
  1. 1.Tel-Hai CollegeUpper GalileeIsrael

Personalised recommendations