Advertisement

Civil Society-Public Institution Relations in Global Food Policy: The Case of FAO and the CFS

  • Nora McKeon
Chapter
Part of the International Series on Public Policy book series (ISPP)

Abstract

Food has constituted a significant terrain for recasting relationships between governmental institutions and civil society over the past two decades. Neo-liberal structural adjustment and trade policies have facilitated control of the world’s food system by increasingly concentrated agrifood corporations, contributing to the eviction of millions of small-scale producers from their land and the disempowerment of consumers. Movements have sprung up around the world to contest these developments in the name of food sovereignty—the right of peoples to determine their food policies. Their engagement has helped to transform the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS) into an inclusive policy forum in which they are seeking normative guidance that can help protect their localized food systems. This chapter analyses the CFS after seven years of life as a laboratory of dynamic relations among the different constituencies that compose the food movement and of their dialectic interactions with the governmental, multilateral, and private sector actors who co-habit the CFS space. Lessons learned include the importance of addressing power imbalances among actors and of maintaining clarity regarding the roles, responsibilities and interests of the state and the private sector in mechanisms such as public–private partnerships and multi-stakeholder platforms.

Keywords

Food Security Civil Society World Trade Organization Food Sovereignty Local Food System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Bibliography

  1. Adams, B., & Luchsinger, G. (2015). Fit for whose purpose? Social Watch and Global Policy Forum. Retrieved from https://www.globalpolicywatch.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/GPW8_2015_07_27.pdf
  2. Berkeley News. (2014). Can organic crops compete with industrial agriculture? Retrieved from http://news.berkeley.edu/2014/12/09/organic-conventional-farming-yield-gap/
  3. Cissokho, M. (2012). Letter addressed to African regional civil society networks. Google Scholar
  4. Clapp, J. (2012). Food. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  5. Desmarais, A. A. (2007). La Via Campesina. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  6. De Schutter, O. (2014). ‘Introduction’ to Whos got the power? Tackling imbalances in agricultural supply chains. Fair Trade. Retrieved from http://www.fairtrade-advocacy.org/ftao-publications/press-releases/press-release-2014/781-who-s-got-the-power-new-study-confirms-imbalances-in-agricultural-supply-chains
  7. EAFF, PROPAC, & ROPPA. (2013). Family farmers for sustainable food systems. A synthesis of reports by African farmersregional networks on models of food production, consumption and markets. Rome: EuropAfrica. Retrieved from http://www.europafrica.info/en/publications/family-farmers-for-sustainable-food-systems
  8. ETC. (2013). With climate chaos….Who will feed us? The industrial food chain or the peasant food web? Retrieved from http://www.etcgroup.org/content/poster-who-will-feed-us-industrial-food-chain-or-peasant-food-webs
  9. Falk, R. (2011). quoted in S. Gill and A. Claire Cutler, New constitutionalism and world order. Cambridge University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
  10. FAO. (2012). Trends and impacts of foreign investment in developing country agriculture. Evidence from case studies. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  11. Friends of the Earth Europe. (2014). Who’d driving the EU-US trade talks? Retrieved from http://www.foeeurope.org/whos-driving-eu-us-trade-talks-070714
  12. Gates, B. (2013). Agricultural productivity is key to reducing world poverty. Farmers Feeding the World, 9 May 2013. Retrieved from http://www.agweb.com/farmersfeedingtheworld/article/bill_gates_agricultural_productivity_is_key_to_reducing_world_poverty/
  13. Gleckman, H. 2013. Readers guide: Global redesign initiative. University of Massachusetts Boston, Center for Governance and Sustainability. Retrieved from https://www.umb.edu/gri
  14. High Level Panel of Experts. (2013). Investing in smallholder agriculture for food security. Rome: Committee on World Food Security. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/a-i2953e.pdf
  15. La Via Campesina. (2013). Our seeds, our future. Retrieved from http://viacampesina.org/downloads/pdf/en/EN-notebook6.pdf
  16. Marks, J. H. (2014). Nutrition and global health policy: A critical moment. The BMJ. Retrieved from http://www.bmj.com/content/349/bmj.g5457/rr/777767
  17. McKeon, N. (2009). The United Nations and civil society: Legitimating global governance-whose voice? London: Zed.Google Scholar
  18. McKeon, N. (2015). Food security governance: Empowering communities, regulating corporations. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands. (2013). Public–private partnerships in developing countries. A systematic literature review. Retrieved from https://www.government.nl/documents/reports/2013/06/13/iob-study-public-private-partnerships-in-developing-countries
  20. Nyeleni. (2007). Declaration of the forum for food sovereignty. Retrieved from http://nyeleni.org/spip.php?article290
  21. Paglietti, L., & Sabrie, R. (2013). Review of smallholder linkages for inclusive agribusiness development. FAO Investment Centre. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/uploads/media/Ghana_16Sept.pdf
  22. Pianta, M. (2005). UN world summits and civil society: The state of the art. Geneva: UNRISD.Google Scholar
  23. OXFAM. (2013). Women and the big business of chocolate. Retrieved from http://www.oxfamamerica.org/static/media/files/oxfam-fact-sheet-women-and-cocoa-screen.pdf
  24. Rojo, & Perez-Roche. (2013).Google Scholar
  25. Samans, R., Schwab, K., & Malloch-Brown, M. (Eds.). (2010). Global redesign. Strengthening international cooperation in a more interdependent world. Geneva, World Economic Forum. Retrieved from http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GRI_StrengtheningInternationalCooperation_Book_2010.pdf
  26. Truman, H. (1949). Inaugural address. Retrieved from http://www.trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/50yr_archive/inagural20jan1949.htm
  27. Vorley, B., de Pozo-Bergnes, E., & Barnett, A. (2012). Small producer agency in the globalized market. HIVOS, IIED, Mainumby Nakuratu. Retrieved from http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/16521IIED.pdf?
  28. Wittman, Hannah, Annette Desmarais, & Nettie Wiebe, (Eds.). (2010). Food sovereignty: Reconnecting food, nature and community. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing and FoodFirst Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nora McKeon
    • 1
  1. 1.IndependentRome 3 UniversityRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations