Wales and Socialism, 1880–1914: Towards a Four Nations Analysis
This chapter examines the Anglocentric assumptions underpinning twentieth-century British socialism, and contends that there is a neglected history of national diversity behind them. Using Wales as a case study, the chapter illuminates the complexity and trans-nationalism of the pre-Great War British socialist movement. It explores the ways in which the interplay of people, ideas and political structures between Wales and the rest of the four nations, within Wales itself, and between Wales and the wider world, created a movement which, although beset with tensions and contradictions, would play a huge role in shaping Britain’s twentieth century. The chapter concludes by suggesting ways in which its analysis may be extended to allow a fuller four nations understanding of British socialism.