The Communist Party of Yugoslavia and the Abolition of the Multi-party System: The Case of Croatia
Three factors were crucial in the creation of Yugoslavia in 1918. First, unification of most of the small South Slavic peoples into a single state for the purpose of defending themselves against their larger neighbors’ imperialist aspirations. Second, the Serbian state sought to expand its territory and influence through unification with other South Slavic peoples. Third, the similarity of language and culture were not only the basis for the unification, but had also often caused conflicts among South Slavs, especially in areas with populations that were ethnically and religiously mixed, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina and the parts of Croatia bordering Bosnia and Herzegovina. Therefore, the idea of a “Yugoslav” state stemmed from the desire for national security, economic progress, and stronger cultural links among the nations united in a multi-national state.