Social Media and Youth: Implications for Global Citizenship Education

Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, I address the possible contribution of social media in global citizenship education (GCE) to reflect the contemporary shifts in the notions of citizenship and education. GCE initiatives should consider two equally important routes in using the affordances of social media: One, to facilitate civic experiences that can optimally use the informal and spontaneous participatory cultures of the digital native youth and two, to design non-formal and classroom based educational experiences using social media that can bring about civic learning not produced by the typical informal social media use. In each case, media and information literacy, competency in agonistic negotiations/contestations, critical geo-political and historical literacy, and public engagement skills are crucial for an effective use of social media for civic purposes.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank Devpriya Chakravarty, research scholar with the FPM-C program at MICA for her extensive literature review and copy editing support.

References

  1. Alcoff, L. (1991–1992). The problem of speaking for others. Cultural Critique, 20, 5–32.Google Scholar
  2. Andreotti, V. (2006). Soft vs. critical global citizenship education. Policy and Practice: A Development Education Review, 3, 40–51.Google Scholar
  3. Appiah, K. A. (2010). Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a world of strangers (Issues of our time). New York: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  4. Baelden, D., Audenhove, L. V., & Jehaes, E. (2013). New and social media for strengthening the public support among young people for development cooperation: Instant karma. In I. Pollet & J. V. Ongevalle (Eds.), The Drive to global citizenship: Motivating people, mapping public support, measuring effects of global education (pp. 183–192). Belgium: Maklu.Google Scholar
  5. Beck, U. (1998). Democracy without enemies. Cambridge, UK Malden, MA: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  6. Benett, L. (2008). Changing citizenship in the digital age. Civic life online: Learning how digital media can engage youth. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bennett, L., Wells, C., & Freelon, D. (2011). Communicating civic engagement: Contrasting models of citizenship in the youth web sphere. Journal of Communication, 61(5), 835–856.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bennett, W. L., Wells, C., & Rank, A. (2009). Young citizens and civic learning: Two paradigms of citizenship in the digital age. Citizenship Studies, 13(2), 105–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bimber, B. (2000). The study of information technology and civic engagement. Political Communication, 17(4), 329–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Boyd, D. (2008). Taken out of context: American teen sociality in networked places. Berkeley: University of California.Google Scholar
  11. Buckingham, D. (2008). Youth, identity, and digital media. In D. John & T. Catherine (Eds.), Cambridge. MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  12. Chandhoke, N. (2002). The limits of global civil society. In H. Anheier, M. Kaldor, & M. Glasius (Eds.), Global civil society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Chandler, D. (2004). Building global civil society from below? Millennium-Journal of International Studies, 33(2), 313–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chee, Y. S., Mehrotra, S., & Liu, Q. (2013). Effective game based citizenship education in the age of new media. The Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 11(1), 16–28.Google Scholar
  15. Coleman, Stephen, & Blumler, J. G. (2009). The Internet and democratic citizenship: Theory, practice, and policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cornelissen, G., Karelaia, N., & Soyer, E. (n.d.). Clicktivism or slactivism? Impression management and moral licensing.Google Scholar
  17. Dahlberg, L. (2008). Rethinking the fragmentation of the cyberpublic: From consensus to contestation. New media and society, 9(5), 827–847.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dahlgren, P. (2007). Youth, civic engagement and learning via new media. In P. Dahlgren (Ed.), Young citizens and new media: Learning for democratic participation (pp. 1–18). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Dahlgren, P. (2011). Young citizens and political participation: Online media and civic cultures. Taiwan Journal of Democracy, 7(2), 11–25.Google Scholar
  20. Davies, L. (2006). Global citizenship: Abstraction or framework. Educational Review, 58(1), 5–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dower, N. (2002). Global citizenship: Yes or no? In N. Dower & J. Williams (Eds.), Global citizenship: A critical introduction (pp. 30–40). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Dower, N. (2003). An Introduction to global citizenship. Edinburg: Edinburg University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Falk, R. (2002). An emergent matrix of citizenship: Complex, uneven and fluid. In N. Dower & J. Williams (Eds.), Global citizenship: A critical introduction. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. Friedland, L. (1996). Electronic democracy and the new citizenship. Media, Culture & Society, 18(2), 185–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Giddens, A. (1998). The third way: The renewal of social democracy. Cambridge: Polity, Global Education First Initiative.Google Scholar
  26. Gomaa, E. H. (2014). Video production as a tool to reinforce media literacy and citizenship in Egypt. In S. H. Culver & P. Kerr (Eds.), Global citizenship in a digital world (pp. 33–43). Sweden: NORDICOM.Google Scholar
  27. Harris, U. (2014). Virtual partnerships implications for mediated intercultural dialogue in a student-led online project. In S. H. Culver & P. A. Kerr (Eds.), Global citizenship in a digital world (pp. 177–184). Sweden: NORDICOM.Google Scholar
  28. Held, D. (2002). The transformation of political community: Rethinking democracy in the context of globalization. In N. Dower & J. Williams (Eds.), Global citizenship: A critical introduction (pp. 92–100). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Howard, R. (2011). Digital Jesus: The making of a New Christian fundamentalist community on the Internet. New York: New York University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jenkins, H., Shresthova, S., Gamber-Thompson, L., Kligler-Vilenchik, N., & Zimmerman, A. (2016). By any media necessary: The new youth activism. New York: NYU Press.Google Scholar
  31. Kaplan, A. M., & Haenlein, M. (2010). Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of social media. Business Horizons, 53, 59–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Keohane, R. (2003). Global governance and democrat. Retrieved on January 27, 2017 from http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/apcity/unpan034133.pdf.
  33. Khamis, S., & Vaughn, K. (2011). Cyberactivism in the Egyptian revolution: How civic engagement and citizen journalism tilted the balance. Arab Media and Society (14).Google Scholar
  34. Kung, H. (2002). A global ethic for a new global order. In N. Dower & J. Williams (Eds.), Global citizenship: A critical introduction (pp. 133–145). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  35. Livingstone, S. (2009). Children and the Internet. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  36. Maguth, B. M. (2012). Investigating student use of technology for engaged citizenship in a global age. Education Science, 2, 57–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mohanty, C. T. (2003). Feminism without borders: Decolonizing theory, practicing solidarity. Delhi: Zubaan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Mouffe, C. (2005). On the political. London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  39. Näkki, P., Bäck, A., Ropponen, T., Kronqvist, J., Hintikka, K. A., Harju, A., et al. (2011). Social media for citizen participation: Report on the Somus project. Helsinki: JULKAISIJA—UTGIVARE.Google Scholar
  40. Papacharissi, Z. (2010). A private sphere: Democracy in a digital age. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  41. Parekh, B. (2003). Cosmopolitanism and global citizenship. Review of International Studies, 19, 3–17.Google Scholar
  42. Pathak-Shelat, M., & DeShano, C. (2013). Digital youth cultures in small town and rural Gujarat India. New Media and Society, 16(6), 1–19.Google Scholar
  43. Saleh, I. (2014). Whatever happened to South African youth? New media, new politics and new activism. In S. H. Culver & P. A. Kerr (Eds.), Global citizenship in a digital world (pp. 203–2013). Sweden: NORDICOM.Google Scholar
  44. Scholte, J. (2002). Civil society and democracy in global governance. Global Governance, 8, 281–304.Google Scholar
  45. Shelat, M. (2014). Global civic engagement on online platforms: Women as transcultural citizens. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Retrieved on January 27, 2017 from http://gradworks.umi.com/36/24/3624233.html.
  46. Shirky, C. (2008). Here comes everybody: The power of organizing without organizations. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  47. Stevenson, N. (2001). Culture and citizenship. Thousand Oaks, London: Sage.Google Scholar
  48. Tarrow, S. (2005). The new transnational activism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tawil, S. (2013). Education for global citizenship: a framework for discussion. UNESCO.Google Scholar
  50. Tripp, A. (2006). Challenges in transnational feminist mobilization. In M. Ferree & A. Tripp (Eds.), Global feminism: Transnational women’s activism, organizing, and human rights (pp. 296–312). New York, London: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  51. UNESCO (2012). Global Education First Initiative. Retrieved on January 27, 2017 from http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/global-education-first-initiative-gefi/.
  52. UNESCO. (2014). Global citizenship education: Preparing learners for the challenges of the 21st century. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  53. Watkins, C. (2009). The young and the digital: What the migration to social network sites and anytime anywhere media means for our future. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  54. Wilson, C., & Johnson, M. (2014). Media literacy, digital technologies and civic engagement: A Canadian perspective. In S. H. Culver & P. A. Kerr (Eds.), Global citizenship in a digital world (pp. 95–105). Sweden: NORDICOM.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MICAAhmedabadIndia

Personalised recommendations