Advertisement

How the Media Make European Citizens More Eurosceptical

Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology book series (PSEPS)

Abstract

In this chapter, we analyse how much media use influences Euroscepticism among citizens. Our analysis covers all EU member states and controls for use of traditional and new media. We show that the media matter for the EU process, as citizens are influenced by their use when they cultivate their attitudes towards the EU. Those who are most exposed to traditional media are also more benevolent to the EU process. On the contrary, the citizens of the net tend to be more pessimistic about the EU process, particularly about its institutions and current political trajectory.

Keywords

Citizens’ attitudes Traditional media Citizens of the net Media influence Quantitative analysis 

Bibliography

  1. Aarts, K., and H.A. Semetko. 2003. The Divided Electorate: Media Use and Political Involvement. Journal of Politics 65(3): 759–784.Google Scholar
  2. Arellano, M. 2003. Panel Data Econometrics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bayley, P., and J. Williams. 2012. European Identity: What the Media Say. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boomgaarden, H.G., A.R. Schuck, M. Elenbaas, and C.H. De Vreese. 2011. Mapping EU Attitudes: Conceptual and Empirical Dimensions of Euroscepticism and EU Support. European Union Politics 12(2): 241–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bruter, M. 2009. Time Bomb? The Dynamic Effect of News and Symbols on the Political Identity of European Citizens. Comparative Political Studies 42(12): 1498–1536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cappella, J.N., and K.H. Jamieson. 1997. Spiral of Cynicism: The Press and the Public Good. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Dalton, R.J. 1996. Citizen Politics in Western Democracies. New York: Chatham House Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. de Vreese, C.H. 2007. A Spiral of Euroscepticism: The Media’s Fault? Acta Politica 42(2–3): 271–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. de Vreese, C., and H. Boomgaarden. 2005. Projecting EU Referendums: Fear of Immigration and Support for European Integration. European Union Politics 6(1): 59–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. de Vreese, C., and H. Semetko. 2004. Political Campaigning in Referendums: Framing the Referendum Issue. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. de Vreese, C. H., and H. Boomgaarden. 2006. Media effects on public opinion about the enlargement of the European Union. Journal of Common Market Studies 44(2): 419–436.Google Scholar
  12. De Vries, C.E., and E.E. Edwards. 2009. Taking Europe to Its Extremes : Extremist Parties and Public Euroscepticism. Party Politics 15(1): 5–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. de Wilde, P., and H.-J. Trenz. 2012. Denouncing European Integration: Euroscepticism as Polity Contestation. European Journal of Social Theory 15(4): 537–554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. de Wilde, P., A. Michailidou, and H.-J. Trenz. 2013. Contesting Europe: Exploring Euroscepticism in Online Media Coverage. Colchester: ECPR Press.Google Scholar
  15. de Wilde, P., A. Michailidou and H. Trenz. 2014. Converging on euroscepticism: Online polity contestation during European Parliament elections. European Journal of Political Research 53(4): 766–783.Google Scholar
  16. Downey, J., and N. Fenton. 2003. New Media, Counter Publicity and the Public Sphere. New Media & Society 5(2): 185–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Floss, D. 2010. The Impact of Mass Media on Political Support. Baden-Baden: Nomos Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gabel, M. 1998. Interest and the Integration. Market Liberalization, Public Opinion, and European Union. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gaskins, B., and J. Jerit. 2012. Internet News: Is It a Replacement for Traditional Media Outlets? The International Journal of Press/Politics 17(2): 190–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hansen, L., and M.C. Williams. 1999. The Myths of Europe: Legitimacy, Community and the ‘Crisis’ of the EU. Journal of Common Market Studies 37(2): 233–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hooghe, L., and G. Marks. 2001. Multi-level governance and European integration. Lanham. Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  22. Hooghe, L., and G. Marks. 2004. Does Identity or Economic Rationality Drive Public Opinion on European Integration? Political Science and Politics 37(3): 415–420.Google Scholar
  23. Hooghe, M., and W. Teepe. 2007. Party Profiles on the Web: An Analysis of the Log Files of Non-Partisan Interactive Political Internet Sites in the 2003 and 2004 Election Campaigns in Belgium. New Media & Society 9(6): 965–985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Inglehart, R. 1970. Cognitive Mobilization and European Identity. Comparative Politics 3(1): 45–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kahn, R., and D. Kellner. 2004. New Media and Internet Activism: From the ‘Battle of Seattle’ to Blogging. New media & society 6(1): 87–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Karp, J., S. Banducci, and S. Bowler. 2003. To Know it is to Love it? Satisfaction with Democracy in the European Union. Comparative Political Studies 36(3): 271–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kleinberg, M.S., and Lau R.R. 2009 Is Political Knowledge Relevant to Correct Voting? Stored Knowledge Versus the Skill to Access Relevant Information Online. Paper Presented at the 67th Annual Conference of the Midwest Political Science Association, 2–5 April. Palmer House Hilton, Chicago.Google Scholar
  28. Lawrence, E., J. Sides, and H. Farrell. 2010. Self-Segregation or Deliberation? Blog Readership, Participation, and Polarization in American Politics. Perspectives on Politics 8(1): 141–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Liebert, U. 1999. Gender Politics in the European Union: The Return of the Public. European Societies 1(2): 197–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lubbers, M., and P. Scheepers. 2010. Divergent Trends of Euroscepticism in Countries and Regions of the European Union. European Journal of Political Research 49(6): 787–817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Michailidou, A., and H.-J. Trenz. 2010. Mediati(zi)ng EU Politics: Online News Coverage of the 2009 European Parliamentary Elections. Communications 35(3): 327–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Norris, P. 2000. Global Governance and Cosmopolitan Citizens. In Governance in a Global World, ed. J. Nye and J.D. Donahue. Brookings Institution: Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  33. Piattoni, S. 2010. The Theory of Multi-level Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Polyakova, A., and Fligstein, N. 2013. Is European Integration Causing Europe to Become More Nationalist? Evidence from the Recent Financial Crisis, Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Sociological Association, 9–12 August, New York.Google Scholar
  35. Robinson, M. 1976. Public Affairs Television and the Growth of Political Malaise: The Case of The Selling of the Pentagon. American Political Science Review 70(2): 409–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Roth, F., Nowak-Lehmann, F.D., and Otter, T. 2011. Has the Financial Crisis Shattered Citizens’ Trust in National and European Governmental Institutions? Evidence from the EU Member States, 1999–2010’, CESP (Centre for European Policy Studies), 343, June.Google Scholar
  37. Scheufele, D.A., B.W. Hardy, D. Brossard, I.S. Waismel-Manor, and E. Nisbet. 2006. Democracy Based on Difference: Examining the Links Between Structural Heterogeneity, Heterogeneity of Discussion Networks, and Democratic Citizenship. Journal of Communication 56(4): 728–753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Schuck, A., and C. De Vreese. 2006. Between Risk and Opportunity. News Framing and Its Effects on Public Support for EU Enlargement. European Journal of Communication 21(1): 5–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Stock, J., and M. Watson. 2008. Heteroskedasticity-Robust Standard Errors for Fixed Effects Panel Data Regression. Econometrica 76: 155–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Trenz, H.-J. 2008. Understanding Media Impact on European Integration: Enhancing or Restricting the Scope of Legitimacy of the EU? Journal of European Integration 30(2): 291–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. ———. 2014. Mediated Representative Politics. In Political Representation in the European Union: Still Democratic in Times of Crisis? ed. S. Kröeger, 181–196. Routledge: Abingdon.Google Scholar
  42. Vergeer, M., L. Hermans, and S. Sams. 2013. Online Social Networks and Micro-Blogging in Political Campaigning the exploration of a New Campaign Tool and a New Campaign Style. Party Politics 19(3): 477–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Weiler, J.H., U.R. Haltern, and F.C. Mayer. 1995. European Democracy and its Critique. West European Politics 18(3): 4–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wooldridge, J. 2009. Introductory Econometrics: A Modern Approach. 4th ed. Cincinnati: South-Western College Pub.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Law and EconomicsUnitelma Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Political and Social SciencesUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly

Personalised recommendations