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The French Ban on Hydraulic Fracturing and the Attempts to Reverse It: Social Mobilization, Professional Forums, and Coalition Strategies

  • Sébastien Chailleux
  • Stéphane Moyson
Chapter

Abstract

In March 2010, the French Minister of Environment issued the first three licenses involving the exploration of shale gas with hydraulic fracturing. The large-scale diffusion of Gasland—a documentary demonstrating the negative consequences of hydraulic fracturing—as well as an efficient strategy of social and political mobilization allowed a coalition of anti-fracturing policy actors to get a ban on this extraction technique in July 2011. The ban, however, discredited the entire unconventional hydrocarbon industry, which galvanized a coalition of pro-exploration policy actors. Since 2011, various politico-administrative committees (or “professional forums”) were created to discuss shale hydrocarbons. The design of those committees and the strategic participation of pro-exploration actors have not reversed the ban but have led to incremental changes, which should preserve hydrocarbon exploration.

Keywords

Hydraulic Fracture Policy Actor Policy Process Internal Shock Advocacy Coalition Framework 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sébastien Chailleux
    • 1
  • Stéphane Moyson
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre Emile DurkheimSciences Po BordeauxBordeauxFrance
  2. 2.Department of Public AdministrationErasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands

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