Advertisement

Bridging and Brokering – Hope for the Future of Probation?

  • Mark DrakefordEmail author
Chapter
  • 212 Downloads

Abstract

An exploration of the extent to which a concern with shaping social forces has formed part of the history of Probation Service practice. It argues that addressing the causes of crime has always been regarded as part of the Probation remit, albeit to sharply differing degrees at different points in time. From 1997 onwards, however, such efforts have become increasing difficult, surviving only marginally and against the grain of prevailing policy tides. In the present era of overt privatization it is difficult to see how this hitherto ever-present strand in Probation practice can survive into the future.

Keywords

Criminal Justice Criminal Justice System Social Housing Probation Officer Housing Benefit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Arnold, J. and Jordan, B. (1996) Poverty in M. Drakeford and M. Vanstone (eds.) Beyond Offending Behaviour. Aldershot: Arena.Google Scholar
  2. Bailey, R., & Brake, M. (1975). Radical social work (US ed.). New York: Pantheon.Google Scholar
  3. Bailey, R., & Brake, M. (eds.). (1980). Radical social work and practice. London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
  4. Biestek, F. (1957). The casework relationship. Chicago: Loyola University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bottoms, A. E., & McWilliams, W. (1979). A non-treatment paradigm for probation practice. British Journal of Social Work, 9(2), 159–202.Google Scholar
  6. Broad, B. (1991). Punishment under pressure: The probation service in the inner city. London: Jessica Kingsley.Google Scholar
  7. Burke, L., & Davies, K. (2011). Introducing the special edition on occupational culture and skills in probation practice. European Journal of Probation, 3, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carpenter, M. (1851). Reformatory schools: For the children of the perishing and dangerous classes and for juvenile offenders. London: C. Gilpin.Google Scholar
  9. Case, S., & Haines, K. (2015). Children first, offenders second: The centrality of engagement in positive youth justice. Howard Journal, 54(2), 157–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cole, I., & Powell, R. (2015). Housing and welfare reform (pp. 42–45) in L. Foster, A. Brunton, C. Deeming and T. Haux (eds.) In Defence of Welfare.   Social Policy Association publication. Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
  11. Collins, A., Cox, J., & Leonard, A. (2015). I blame the parents. Howard Journal, 54(2), 135–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Craig, G. (1990). Watching the social fund. Social Policy Review 1989–90, 2, 97–117.Google Scholar
  13. Crossley, S. (2015). Ways of extending the welfare state to the poor (pp. 21–23). Social Policy Association.Google Scholar
  14. Deering, J. (2014). A future for probation? Howard Journal, 53(1), 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dominelli, L. (2002). Anti- oppressive social work theory and practice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dickens, J. (2011). Social work in England at a watershed – As always: From the Seebohm Report to the social work task force. British Journal of Social Work, 41(1), 22–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dorling, D. (2015). The mother of underlying causes – economic ranking and health inequality. Social Science and Medicine, 128, 327–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Drakeford, M., & Davidson, K. (2013). Going from bad to worse? Social policy and the demise of the social fund. Critical Social Policy, 33(3), 365–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Drakeford, M., & Vanstone, M. (1996). Beyond offending behaviour. London: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  20. Drakeford, M., & Vanstone, M. (2002). Social exclusion and the politics of criminal justice: A tale of two administrations. Howard Journal, 39(4), 369–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fenton, J. (2013) ‘Risk Aversion and Anxiety in Scottish Criminal Justice Social Work: Can Desistance and Human Rights Agendas Have an Impact?’ Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, vol 52, no. 1, pp. 77–90. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gregory, M. (2011). Practice wisdom and the ethics of care in probation practice. European Journal of Probation, 3, 60–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hastings, A., Bailey, G., Bramley, C., & Gannon, M. (2015). The costs of the cuts: their impact on local government and poorer communities. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
  24. Home Office. (1988). Punishment, Custody and the Community. Cm. 424. London: HMSO. Google Scholar
  25. Home Office. (1990). Supervision and Punishment in the Community. A Framework for Action. Cm 966,  London: HMSO. Google Scholar
  26. House of Commons. (2014). ‘Housing ex-offenders (England)’, SN/SP/2989. London: House of Commons.Google Scholar
  27. Jordan, B. (1975). Is the client a fellow citizen? Edinburgh: Paper to British Association of Social Workers.Google Scholar
  28. Lipsky, M. (2010). Street level bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the individual in public service. New York: Russel Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  29. Maguire, M., & Raynor, P. (2010). Putting the OM into NOMS. In J. Brayford, F. Crowe, & J. Deering (eds.), What else works? Creative work with offenders (pp. 236–253). Cullompton: Willan Publishing.Google Scholar
  30. Marshall, T. H. (1950) Citizenship and social class and other essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Google Scholar
  31. Nuffield Foundation. (2014). Four nation report. London: Nuffield Trust.Google Scholar
  32. Parekh, A., MacInnes, T. and Kenway, P. (2010) Monitoring poverty and social exclusion 2010. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
  33. Patrick, R. (2015). Rhetoric and reality: Exploring lived experiences of welfare reform under the coalition (pp. 24–26) in L. Foster, A. Brunton, C. Deeming and T. Haux (eds.) In Defence of Welfare. Social Policy Association publication. Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
  34. Pinker, R. A. (1979). The idea of welfare. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  35. Pitts, J. (1992). The end of an era. Howard Journal, 31(2), 133–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Raynor, P. (2012) ‘Community penalties, probation, and offender management’ in Maguire, M., Morgan, R. and Reiner, R. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Criminology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar
  37. Raynor, P. (2014). Consent to probation in England and Wales: How it was abolished, and why it matters. European Journal of Probation, 6(3), 296–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Raynor, P., & Vanstone, M. (2015, February 12). Moving away from social work and half way back again: New research on skills in probation. British Journal of Social Work. doi: 10.1093/bjsw/bcv008.Google Scholar
  39. Robinson, G., Burke, L., & Millings., M.  (2015)  Criminal justice identities in transition: the case of devolved probation services in England and Wales. British Journal of Criminology. First published online: May 19, 2015. Google Scholar
  40. Romano, S. (2015). Idle paupers, scroungers and shirkers: Past and new social stereotypes of the undeserving welfare claimant in the United Kingdom (pp. 65–67) in L. Foster, A. Brunton, C. Deeming and T. Haux (eds.) In Defence of Welfare. Social Policy Association publication. Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
  41. Senior, P. (1984). The probation order: Vehicle of social work or social control? Probation Journal, 31, 64–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stewart, G., & Stewart, J. (1991). Relieving poverty? Use of the social fund by social work clients and other agencies. London: Association of Metropolitan Authorities.Google Scholar
  43. Stewart, G., & Stewart, J. (1993). The politics of the social fund: Social security policy as an issue in central-local government relations. Local Government Studies, 19(3), 408–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Stewart, G., et al. (1989). Surviving poverty: Probation work and benefit policy. London: Association of Chief Officers of Probation.Google Scholar
  45. Thompson, N. (1992). Anti- discriminatory practice (1st ed.). Basingstoke: Palgrave, Macmillan.Google Scholar
  46. Tinson, A. (2015). The rise of sanctioning in Great Britain. London: New Policy Institute.Google Scholar
  47. Vanstone, M. (2010). Creative work: An historical perspective. In J. Brayford, F. Crowe, & J. Deering (eds.), What else works? Creative work with offenders (pp. 19–35). Cullompton: Willan Publishing.Google Scholar
  48. Walker, M., & Beaumont, B. (1981). Probation work: Critical theory and practice. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  49. Watts, B., Fitzpatrick, S., Bramley, G., & Watkins, D. (2014). Welfare sanctions and conditionality in the U.K. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
  50. Welsh Government. (2015). Responding to Welfare Reform in Wales, Wales Public Accounts Committee Report. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.Google Scholar
  51. Whitney, G., & Anders, J. (2014). (How) did new labour narrow the achievement and participation gap? LLAKES Research Paper 46. Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies. London: University of London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  2. 2.Welsh GovernmentNational Assembly for WalesCardiffUK

Personalised recommendations