Social Justice, Human Rights and the Values of Probation
- 221 Downloads
This chapter sets out the principles that have guided the author in his career in probation practice, management, training and education. There is some initial discussion of the relationship between crime and criminal justice and a call for political recognition that criminal justice and punishment are just part (and indeed often a relatively small part) of the endeavour to reduce levels of offending, which are principally influenced by social policies. Probation can make a modest though eminently worthwhile contribution to crime reduction. When targets and outcomes come to be the way in which probation is appraised, it can be difficult – and is therefore all the more essential – to try to articulate its values. A moral perspective on probation must take into account not only what probation does, but also what it stands for, and not only its aims and achievements, but also the processes it follows and how its work is perceived by users of the service. The international discourse of human rights is argued to be a promising way in which to discuss the values of probation. The chapter concludes with some speculations about probation’s future.
KeywordsCriminal Justice Prison Population Probation Officer Critical Criminology Penal System
- Bean, P. (1976). Rehabilitation and deviance. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
- Bottoms, A. (2004). Empirical research relevant to sentencing frameworks. In A. Bottoms, S. Rex, & G. Robinson (Eds.), Alternatives to imprisonment: Options for an insecure society. Cullompton: Willan Publishing.Google Scholar
- British Journal of Community Justice. (Winter 2013). Special issue on transforming rehabilitation, 11(2/3).Google Scholar
- Canton, R. (2007a). Probation’s work with estranged families. In P. Senior (Ed.), Moments in probation. Crayford: Shaw & Sons.Google Scholar
- Canton, R. (2009a). Contemporary probation in Europe: Some reflections. EuroVista, 1(1), 2–9.Google Scholar
- Canton, R. (2009b). Taking probation abroad. European Probation Journal, 1(1), 66–78, http://www.ejprob.ro/index.pl/aindex?op=aartlist&aid=339. Accessed February 2016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Canton, R. (2009c). Nonsense upon stilts? Human rights, the ethics of punishment and the values of probation. British Journal of Community Justice, 7(1), 5–22.Google Scholar
- Canton, R. (2010a). Not another medical model: Using metaphor and analogy to explore crime and criminal justice. British Journal of Community Justice, 8(1), 40–57.Google Scholar
- Canton, R. (2010b). European probation rules: What they are, why they matter. EuroVista, 1(2), 62–71.Google Scholar
- Canton, R. (2011). Probation: working with offenders. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Canton, R. (2013a). Probation and human rights. In Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (pp. 3963–3966). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
- Canton, R., & Eadie, T. (2004). Social work with young offenders. In M. Lymbery & S. Butler (Eds.) Social work ideals and practice realities. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Clark, C. (2000). Social work ethics: Politics, principles and practice. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Coates, K., & Silburn, R. (1973). Poverty: The forgotten Englishman. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
- Deering, J. (2011). Probation practice and the new penology. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Farrall, S. (2002). Rethinking what works with offenders: Probation, social context and desistance from crime. Cullompton: Willan.Google Scholar
- Gearty, C. (2006). Can human rights survive? The Hamlyn lectures 2005. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Gies, L. (2014). Mediating human rights: Culture, media and the human rights act. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Gross, H. (1979). A theory of criminal justice. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hedderman, C., & Hough, M. (2004). Getting tough or being effective: What matters? In G. Mair (Ed.), What matters in probation. Cullompton: Willan.Google Scholar
- Hopley, K. (2002). National standards: Defining the service. In D. Ward, J. Scott, & M. Lacey (Eds.), Probation: Working for justice (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Jenkins, S. (2014, April 1). There was only one loser in this Royal Mail privatisation: The taxpayer, The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/apr/01/royal-mail-privatisation-taxpayer-loser. Accessed February 2016.
- Jones, O. (2014). The establishment: And how they get away with it. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
- London Edinburgh Weekend Return Group. (1980). In and against the state (2nd ed.). London: Pluto.Google Scholar
- McNeill, F., & Weaver, B., (2010). Changing lives? Desistance research and offender management. Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research Report No. 3/2010 http://www.sccjr.ac.uk/publications/changing-lives-desistance-research-and-offender-management/. Accessed February 2016.
- Sandel, M. (2012). What money can’t buy: The moral limits of markets. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
- Smith, P. (2008). Punishment and culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Travis, A. (2013, March 21). Probation officers face social media gag as out sourcing row rumbles on, The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/mar/21/probation-officers-social-media-gag-outsourcing. Accessed February 2016.