Communication in Moroccan Children’s Toys and Play

  • Jean-Pierre RossieEmail author


This chapter analyzes the topic of communication in the sphere of toy-making and play activities of Moroccan children. It mostly discusses communication between children: peers or older and younger children. A subsequent section looks at the communication between children and the adult world. There is also a section on the communication between the players, their families, and the ethnographer. Two important aspects, namely gender and change, are discussed in separate sections. The described toys and play activities are those of children between 3 and 15 years of age living in rural areas and popular quarters of towns. The traditional toy and play culture as well as the impact of modern technology and way of life are analyzed. The data on Moroccan toys and play have been collected since 1992, mostly from children belonging to the Amazigh (Berber) populations of central and southern Morocco. In this research, children are seen as social and cultural actors within their own communities and in their relation to the ethnographer. They are not viewed as an isolated group but as part of the community to which they belong.


Moroccan Children Amazigh Cultural Play Popular Quarters Sidi Ifni 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Béart, C. (1955). Jeux et jouets de I’Ouest Africain. Mémoires de l’Institut Français d’Afrique Noire. Dakar: IFAN. Volume 42. 2 vols, 888 p., ill.Google Scholar
  2. Bellin, P. (1963). L’enfant saharien à travers ses jeux. Journal de la Société des Africanistes XXXIII, 47–103, 19 ill.Google Scholar
  3. Magalhães, L., & Rossie, J.-P. (2014). Children as toy makers and toy users: Television relevance in Moroccan rural child play. In Childhood remixed: A special edition with papers drawn from the International Children and Childhoods Conference Held at UCS, July 2013 (112 p., pp. 77–85). Suffolk: Childhood Remixed Journal. Retrieved from,-Business-and-Applied-Social-Science/iSEED/Childhood-Remixed-Journal-2014.pdf.
  4. Oubahammou, L. (1987). Ethnographie des jeux traditionnels chez les Aït Ouirra du Maroc: description et classification. Thèse, Faculté des Sciences de l’Education. Laval: Université Laval. 147 p., ill.Google Scholar
  5. Pinto Cebrián, F. (1999). Juegos Saharauis para Jugar en la Arena. Juegos y Juguetes Tradicionales del Sáhara. Madrid: Miraguano S.A. Ediciones. 119 p., ill.Google Scholar
  6. Rossie, J.-P. (2005). Saharan and North African Toy and Play Cultures. Children’s dolls and doll play. Foreword by Dominique Champault. Stockholm: SITREC, Royal Institute of Technology. 328 p., 163 ill.Google Scholar
  7. Rossie, J.-P. (2008). Saharan and North African toy and play cultures. Domestic life in play, games and toy. Foreword by Gilles Brougère. Stockholm: SITREC, Royal Institute of Technology. 438 p., 410 ill.Google Scholar
  8. Rossie, J.-P. (2011). Saharan and North African toy and play cultures. Commented bibliography on play, games and toys. Stockholm: SITREC, Royal Institute of Technology. 72 p.Google Scholar
  9. Rossie, J.-P. (2013a). Toys, play, culture and society. An anthropological approach with reference to North Africa and the Sahara. Foreword by Brian Sutton-Smith. Stockholm: SITREC, Royal Institute of Technology. 256 p., 144 ill. Digital version of the 2005 publication.Google Scholar
  10. Rossie, J.-P. (2013b). Saharan and North African toy and play cultures. Technical activities in play, games and toys. Foreword by Sudarshan Khanna. Braga: CEFH, Catholic University of Portugal. 360 p., 350 ill.Google Scholar
  11. Rossie, J.-P. (2014). Videos on Moroccan children’s play and toys available on YouTube: References and Notes, 33 p.Google Scholar
  12. Rossie‚ J.-P. (2017). Communication in Moroccan children’s toys and play. PowerPoint for Chapter 8. In L. Magalhães, & J. Goldstein (Eds.), Toys and Communication. UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 37 slides.Google Scholar
  13. Rossie, J.-P., Jariaa, K., & Daoumani, B. (2016). Saharan and North African toy and play cultures. Make-believe play among children of the Moroccan Anti-atlas. Advance online publication, p. 284., 303 ill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Philosophical and Humanistic StudiesCatholic University of PortugalBragaPortugal

Personalised recommendations