Advertisement

Women Workers, Collective Action and the “Right to Work” in Madhya Pradesh

Chapter
Part of the Rethinking International Development series book series (RID)

Abstract

The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act enacted by the Indian Parliament in 2005, created a legal, justiciable “right to work” for all households in rural India and effected the implementation of the largest public works programme of its kind in the world. Adult members of all rural households were now legally entitled to “demand” work on publicly funded worksites, for “at least” 100 days per household per financial year. The enactment of the NREGA was significant, since this was the first Parliamentary statute that introduced a framework of universal, justiciable rights for the implementation of a “developmental” or poverty-alleviation program in post-independence India. This chapter discusses the significance of the NREGA for women workers. It also looks at the potential and limitations of collective action in enabling women workers to access their rights.

Keywords

Collective Action Informal Economy Woman Worker Minor Child Public Distribution System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Agarwal, B. (1997). ‘Bargaining’ and gender relations within and beyond their household. Feminist Economics, 3(1), 1–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bahuguna, V. (1990). The Chipko Movement. In I. Sen (ed.), A Space Within the Struggle. New Delhi. Kali for Women.Google Scholar
  3. Baviskar, A. (1997). Tribal politics and discourses of environmentalism. Contributions to Indian Sociology, 31(2), 195–223.Google Scholar
  4. Baviskar, A. (2004). In the belly of the river: Tribal Conflicts over development in the Narmada valley (2nd ed.). New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Baxi, U. (1998). Voices of suffering and the future of human rights. Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems, 8, 125–169.Google Scholar
  6. Bhatia, B. (2005). The Naxalite movement in central Bihar. Economic and Political Weekly, 40(15), 1536–1549.Google Scholar
  7. Dasgupta, S., & Sudarshan, R. (2011). Issues in labour market inequality and women’s participation in India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (Working Paper 98). Geneva: ILO.Google Scholar
  8. Drèze, J. (1990). Famine prevention in India. In J. Drèze & A. Sen (Eds.), The political economy of hunger: Famine prevention (Vol. 2). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Drèze, J., & Khera, R. (2011). The battle for employment guarantee. In R. Khera (Ed.), The battle for employment guarantee. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Harriss, J. (2010). The Naxalite/Maoist movement in India: A review of recent literature (Working Paper No. 109), Institute of South Asian Studies Working Paper Series. Singapore: National University of Singapore.Google Scholar
  11. Kabeer, N. (Ed.) (2004). Inclusive citizenship: Meanings and expressions. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  12. Kandiyoti, D. (1988). Bargaining with patriarchy. Gender and Society, 2(3), 274–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kapur, R., & Crossman, B. (1996). Subversive sites: Feminist engagement with law in India. New Delhi: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  14. Kelkar, G., & Gala, C. (1990). The Bodhgaya land struggle. In I. Sen (Ed.), A space within the struggle. New Delhi: Kali for Women.Google Scholar
  15. Khera, R. (2013). Democratic politics and legal rights: Employment guarantee and food security in India (Working Paper No. 327). New Delhi: Institute of Economic Growth.Google Scholar
  16. Khera, R., & Nayak, N. (2009). Women workers and perceptions of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Economic & Political Weekly, 44(43), 49–57.Google Scholar
  17. Kunnath, G. (2006). Becoming a Naxalite in rural Bihar: Class struggle and its contradictions. Journal of Peasant Studies, 33(1), 89–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Menon, N. (2004). Recovering subversion: Feminist politics beyond the law. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  19. Ministry of Rural Development (2015). NREGA report to the people. New Delhi: Government of India.Google Scholar
  20. Narayanan, S. (2008). Employment guarantee, women’s work and childcare. Economic and Political Weekly, 43(9), 10–13.Google Scholar
  21. Nayak, N. (forthcoming). ‘Workers’ or ‘Beneficiaries’: The varied politics of NREGA implementation in South-West Madhya Pradesh. in R. Nagaraj and Sripad Motiram (eds.). Political Economy of Contemporary India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Nayak, N. (2012). Flexing legal texts: The politics of claiming a right to work. Unpublished PhD thesis, SOAS, University of London, London.Google Scholar
  23. Nayak, N. (1990). The Kerala fishworkers struggle. In I. Sen (Ed.), A space within the struggle. New Delhi: Kali for Women.Google Scholar
  24. Nayak, N. (2008). Songs of hope. The Hindu Sunday Magazine.Google Scholar
  25. Nielsen, K. B. (2014). Women’s participation in the Singur movement, West Bengal. In K. B. Nielsen & A. Waldrop (Eds.), Women, gender and everyday social transformation in India. London: Anthem Press.Google Scholar
  26. Nilsen, A. G. (2010). Dispossession and resistance in India: The river and the rage. New Delhi: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Nilsen, A. G. (2012). Adivasis in and against the state: Subaltern politics and state power in contemporary India. Critical Asian Studies, 44(2), 251–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rahul (1998). Bhil women of Nimad: Growing assertion. Economic and Political Weekly, 33(9), 445–446.Google Scholar
  29. Ray, R., & Korteweg, A. C. (1999). Women’s movements in the third world: Identity, mobilization, and autonomy. Annual Review of Sociology, 25, 47–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ruparelia, S. (2013). A progressive juristocracy? The unexpected social activism of India’s Supreme Court (Working Paper No. 391). Notre Dame, IN: Kellogg Institute.Google Scholar
  31. Sainath, P. (2007). NREGP: No place for single women. The Hindu.Google Scholar
  32. Samaddar, R. (2010). Emergence of the political subject. New Delhi: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  33. Santos, B. S. (2002). Toward a new legal common sense: Law, globalization and emancipation (2nd ed.). London: Butterworths LexisNexis.Google Scholar
  34. Sen, A. (1990). Gender and cooperative conflicts. In I. Tinker (Ed.), Persistent inequalities. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Sen, I. (Ed.) (1990). A space within the struggle. New Delhi: Kali for Women.Google Scholar
  36. Shah, M. (2008). Radicalism of NREGA [Letter to the Editor]. Economic and Political Weekly, 43/23.Google Scholar
  37. Sinha, S. (1996). Common property, community and collective action: Social movements and sustainable development in India. Unpublished PhD thesis, Department of Political Science, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University.Google Scholar
  38. Tilly, C. (1978). From mobilisation to revolution. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  39. World Bank. (2015). The state of social safety nets. New York: World Bank.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Development StudiesAmbedkar University DelhiDelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations