Process of Transfer of Social Remittances in the European Union

  • Izabela Grabowska
  • Michał P. Garapich
  • Ewa Jaźwińska
  • Agnieszka Radziwinowiczówna
Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship book series (MDC)


The concept of social remittances, coined by Levitt (1998 and later), evoked many scholarly reactions, but its mechanisms are rarely clearly defined or operationalised. This chapter attempts to reconstruct the mechanisms of social remitting in a transnational European context. The aim is to discuss the primary factors of the mechanisms of social remitting—acquisition, transfer and outcomes and their diffusion, triggering three identifiable modes: resistance, imitation and innovation. By distinguishing the stages of social remitting mechanisms and its modes, we develop some hypotheses, in constant dialogue with theory and empirical findings, about how the mechanism of social remitting operates within the European context.


Social Capital Social Change Human Agency Return Migrant Destination Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Izabela Grabowska
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michał P. Garapich
    • 3
  • Ewa Jaźwińska
    • 2
  • Agnieszka Radziwinowiczówna
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Social Sciences and HumanitiesWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Centre of Migration ResearchUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Social SciencesUniversity of RoehamptonLondonUK

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