The Political Economy of EU Trade Policy: Energy and Agricultural Trade with Russia

  • Mark Baimbridge
  • Ioannis Litsios
  • Karen Jackson
  • Uih Ran Lee


Trade policy has been largely independent from other policies of the European Union (EU) since it remains its exclusive competence, as opposed to a shared competence between the EU and its member states. The EU has, however, recently observed an unprecedented degree of discord amongst the member states over trade policy in the energy and agricultural sectors, in both of which Russia takes a key role in accelerating the division within the EU. EU’s persistently high dependence on imports of Russian energy has increasingly promoted the division of the EU into core and periphery. Furthermore, non-random spatial distribution of economic costs across the member states due to the mutual sanctions between the EU and Russia in the wake of the 2014 Russia-Ukraine conflict has become a substantial threat for deeper integration of the EU.


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2017, corrected publication March 2018. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Baimbridge
    • 1
  • Ioannis Litsios
    • 2
  • Karen Jackson
    • 3
  • Uih Ran Lee
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Management University of BradfordBradfordUK
  2. 2.Plymouth Business School University of PlymouthPlymouthUK
  3. 3.Westminster Business School University of WestminsterLondonUK
  4. 4.Department of Economics and Related StudiesUniversity of YorkYorkUK

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