Law and Regulation



Without certainty over legal parentage, the intended parents cannot trust the surrogate completely. The professional model uses the agreement to establish the parental rights of the intended parents before the surrogate becomes pregnant. She is never the legal mother of the baby and so does not relinquish it. This removes the problem of transferring parental rights, whether by adoption or some other mechanism. Intention is the basis of legal parentage rather than genetic relationship, gestation or best interests. Once a pregnancy is established no one can change their minds.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand

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