Advertisement

Trustworthiness and Care

Chapter
  • 361 Downloads

Abstract

Trust is a core value in surrogacy. Intended parents face risk and uncertainty in case the surrogate decides not to relinquish the baby. Surrogates fear that intended parents will not take the baby or will renege on their agreement with her. Commercial contracts cannot establish trust and a relational bond is too fragile to do so if something goes wrong. The professional model adopts the concept of professional trust where licensing, regulation, and selection for ethical qualities make practitioners trustworthy. Sanctions for unethical conduct protect users of the service.

References

  1. Baier, A. (1986). Trust and antitrust. Ethics, 96(2), 231–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barnard, D. (2016). Vulnerability and trustworthiness. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 25(02), 288–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bicchieri, C., Xiao, E., & Muldoon, R. (2011). Trustworthiness is a social norm, but trusting is not. Politics, Philosophy & Economics, 10(2), 170–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Braynov, S. (2013). What human trust is and is not: On the biology of human trust. 2013 AAAI Spring Symposium Series, 10–15.Google Scholar
  5. Collins, S. (2015). The core of care ethics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dinç, L., & Gastmans, C. (2012). Trust and trustworthiness in nursing: An argument-based literature review. Nursing Inquiry, 19(3), 223–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dunning, D., Anderson, J. E., Schlösser, T., et al. (2014). Trust at zero acquaintance: More a matter of respect than expectation of reward. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(1), 122–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Evans, A. M., & Krueger, J. I. (2016). Bounded prospection in dilemmas of trust and reciprocity. Review of General Psychology, 20(1), 17–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gargiulo, M., & Ertug, G. (2006). The dark side of trust. In R. Bachmann & A. Zaheer (Eds.), Handbook of trust research (pp. 165–186). Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  10. Gelmann, E. (2010). I’m just the oven, it’s totally their bun: The power and necessity of the Federal Government to regulate commercial gestational surrogacy arrangements and protect the legal rights of intended parents. Women’s Rights Law Reporter, 32, 159–192.Google Scholar
  11. Goel, S., Bell, G. G., & Pierce, J. L. (2005). The perils of Pollyanna: Development of the over-trust construct. Journal of Business Ethics, 58(1), 203–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. James, H. S., Jr. (2014). You can have your trust and calculativeness, too: Uncertainty, trustworthiness and the Williamson thesis. Journal of Trust Research, 4(1), 57–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Koehn, D. (1996). Should we trust in trust? American Business Law Journal, 34(2), 183–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lammers, J., Galinsky, A. D., Gordijn, E. H., & Otten, S. (2012). Power increases social distance. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3(3), 282–290.Google Scholar
  15. Lount, R. B., Jr., & Pettit, N. C. (2012). The social context of trust: The role of status. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 117(1), 15–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lumineau, F. (2014). How contracts influence trust and distrust. Journal of Management, 43(5), 1553-1577.Google Scholar
  17. Magee, J. C., & Galinsky, A. D. (2008). Social hierarchy: The self-reinforcing nature of power and status. Academy of Management Annals, 2(1), 351–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Margalit, Y. (2014). In defense of surrogacy agreements: A modern contract law perspective. William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law, 20(2), 423–468.Google Scholar
  19. Mullin, A. (2005). Trust, social norms, and motherhood. Journal of Social Philosophy, 36(3), 316–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pande, A. (2014). Wombs in labor: Transnational commercial surrogacy in India. New York: Columbia University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Poppo, L., Zhou, K. Z., & Li, J. J. (2016). When can you trust “trust”? Calculative trust, relational trust, and supplier performance. Strategic Management Journal, 37(4), 724–741.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rousseau, D. M., Sitkin, S. B., Burt, R. S., & Camerer, C. (1998). Introduction to special topic forum: Not so different after all: A cross-discipline view of trust. The Academy of Management Review, 23(3), 393–404.Google Scholar
  23. Schilke, O., & Cook, K. S. (2015). Sources of alliance partner trustworthiness: Integrating calculative and relational perspectives. Strategic Management Journal, 36(2), 276–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Schilke, O., Reimann, M., & Cook, K. S. (2015). Power decreases trust in social exchange. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(42), 12950–12955.Google Scholar
  25. Skinner, D., Dietz, G., & Weibel, A. (2014). The dark side of trust: When trust becomes a ‘poisoned chalice’. Organization, 21(2), 206–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Smith, P. K., & Magee, J. C. (2015). The interpersonal nature of power and status. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 3, 152–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stevens, L. E., & Fiske, S. T. (2000). Motivated impressions of a powerholder: Accuracy under task dependency and misperception under evaluation dependency. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(8), 907–922.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sturm, R. E., & Antonakis, J. (2015). Interpersonal power: A review, critique, and research agenda. Journal of Management, 41(1), 136–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Thielmann, I., & Hilbig, B. E. (2015). Trust: An integrative review from a person–situation perspective. Review of General Psychology, 19(3), 249–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vanneste, B. S., Puranam, P., & Kretschmer, T. (2014). Trust over time in exchange relationships: Meta-analysis and theory. Strategic Management Journal, 35(12), 1891–1902.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Weber, J. M., Malhotra, D., & Murnighan, J. K. (2005). Normal acts of irrational trust: Motivated attributions and the trust development process. Revisiting the Meaning of Leadership, 75–101.Google Scholar
  32. Williamson, O. E. (1993). Calculativeness, trust, and economic organization. The Journal of Law & Economics, 36(1), 453–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zahra, S. A., Yavuz, R. I., & Ucbasaran, D. (2006). How much do you trust me? The dark side of relational trust in new business creation in established companies. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice 30(4): 541–559.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations