The Political Decision-Makers

  • Gemma Birkett
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology book series (PSIPP)


In discovering the full range of strategies employed by penal reform campaigners, revealing what goes on ‘behind closed doors’ is of crucial importance. Yet uncovering the truth in the British political system, which can be ‘broadly characterised as closed, elitist and secretive’ (Kavanagh et al., 2006: 425), is an extremely difficult task. Hogwood stated in 1987 that ‘we should not confuse the public prominence of political activities with the intensity of government concern…much of the most important discussion about shaping public policy in Britain takes place in private’ (1987: 1).


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gemma Birkett
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyCity, University of LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

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