Indigenous Sentencing Courts in Two Australian States
It is impossible to analyse the impact of Indigenous sentencing courts on victims and offenders without an understanding of how the courts operate in different locations, and how the Indigenous population is positioned within the broader community (within which the Indigenous sentencing court is located) in terms of employment opportunities, police relations and general living conditions. This chapter situates victims’ and offenders’ experiences of the court in a broader community context, and it reveals the different ways in which court processes are modified to be more inclusive of Indigenous experiences of offending and victimisation. It also provides a detailed account of how the Australian Indigenous sentencing courts have evolved throughout Australia and what various evaluations and impact studies of the courts have found.
KeywordsAlcohol and drug abuse Indigenous criminogenic risk factors Systemic and institutional discrimination Effects of colonization Evolution of indigenous sentencing courts Koori Court Nunga Court Community Court Murri Court Galambany Court Evaluations Impact studies Community-centred aims Recidivism Offending-centred aims
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