Leadership Development in Thailand

  • Chiraprapha Tan Akaraborworn
  • Dawisa Sritanyarat
Part of the Palgrave Studies of Internationalization in Emerging Markets book series (PSIEM)


This chapter discusses six levels of leadership as part of managerial competency model implemented in a Thai private sector organization. Results of the study showed that leadership is a competency required from all employees, yet with different specific competencies required for different levels. Leadership competency requirements varied from self-leadership for operators to visionary leadership for top management. Results contribute to the existing literature on multidimensionality of leadership and can be applied in many human resource functions such as career development, training and development, and recruitment and selection.


  1. Achua, C. F., & Lussier, R. N. (2010). Effective leadership (4th ed.). Toronto, ON: South-Western Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
  2. Adams, K. (1997). Interview with David McClelland. Retrieved from:
  3. Akaraborworn, C. T. (2011). แนวโน้มงานทรัพยากรมนุษย์ ปี 2553–2554 [HR trends in Thailand 2010–2011]. Human Resource and Organization Development Journal, 3(1), 5–22.Google Scholar
  4. Akaraborworn, C. T. (2013). แนวโน้มงานทรัพยากรมนุษย์ในประเทศไทยในช่วงปี พ.ศ. 2555–2556 [HR Trends in Thailand 2012–2013]. Human Resource and Organization Development Journal, 5(1), 4–29.Google Scholar
  5. Akaraborworn, C. T. (2015). Comparative study of HR trends in ASEAN 2014–2015. Human Resource and Organization Development Journal, 7(1), 4–41.Google Scholar
  6. Aneckvanich, N. (n.d.). Challenging issues of leadership development. Retrieved from
  7. Behn, R. D. (2004). One approach to performance leadership: Eleven better practices that can help ratchet up performance. Bob Behn’s Public Management Report.Google Scholar
  8. Boyatzis, R. E. (1982). The competent manager—A model for effective performance. New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Brown, K. M., & Anfara Jr., V. A. (2003). Paving the way for change: Visionary leadership in action at the middle level. NASSP Bulletin, 87(635), 16–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bryant, A., & Kazan, A. L. (2012). Self-leadership: How to become a more successful, efficient, and effective leader from the inside out. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  11. Business School, Durham University. (2015). Business dictionary. Retrieved from
  12. Carter, S. M., & Greer, C. R. (2013). Strategic leadership: Values, styles, and organizational performance. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 20(4), 375–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Charan, R., Drotter, S., & Noel, J. (2009). The leadership pipeline: How to build the leadership powered company. Concordville, PA: Soundview Executive Book Summaries.Google Scholar
  14. Conger, J. A., & Kanungo, R. N. (1994). Charismatic leadership in organizations: Perceived behavioral attributes and their measurement. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 15(5), 439–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Creswell, J. W. (2005). Mixed methods research: Developments, debates, and dilemmas. In R. A. Swanson & E. F. Holton III (Eds.), Research in organizations: Foundations and methods of inquiry. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.Google Scholar
  16. Daft, R. L. (2008). The leadership experience (4th ed.). Mason, OH: Thomson South-Western.Google Scholar
  17. Gilley, A., Dixon, P., & Gilley, J. W. (2008). Characteristics of leadership effectiveness: implementing change and driving innovation in organizations. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 19(2), 153–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hallinger, P. (2005). The emergence of school leadership development in the era of globalization. In P. Hallinger (Ed.), Reshaping the landscape of school leadership development: A global perspective. Lisse, Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.Google Scholar
  19. Hallinger, P., & Kantamara, P. (2000). Educational change in Thailand: Opening a window onto leadership as a cultural process. School Leadership & Management, 20(2), 189–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hollenbeck, G. P., McCall Jr., M. W., & Silzer, R. F. (2006). Leadership competency models. The Leadership Quarterly, 17, 398–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kananurak, N. (2011). บทบาทผู้นำองค์กรที่มีพนักงานวิชาชีพ [Leadership role for producing professional employees]. University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce Journal, 31(1), 123–133.Google Scholar
  22. Kitreerawutiwong, N., Tejativaddhana, P., & Wanaratwijit, C. (2010). Leadership development in primary health care management for the Thai community hospital director. In the National Congress: Sailing the Tides of Turbulence, July 15, 2010 at Esplanade Hotel Fremantle, Washington, DC, USA.Google Scholar
  23. Laohavichien, T., Fredendall, L. D., & Cantrell, R. S. (2011). Leadership and quality management practices in Thailand. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 31(10), 1048–1070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Limsila, K., & Ogunlana, S. O. (2008). Performance and leadership outcome correlates of leadership styles and subordinate commitment. Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, 15(2), 164–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Murphy, S. E., & Ensher, E. A. (2008). A qualitative analysis of charismatic leadership in creative teams: A case study of television directors. The Leadership Quarterly, 19(3), 335–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Office of the Civil Service Commission (OCSC). (2010). คู่มือการบริหารสมรรถนะ [Competency manual for Thai—Management manual]. Retrieved from
  27. Piriyathanalai S., & Thephasadin, N. A. J. (2010). สมรรถนะ [Competency]. Bangkok: Signature Solutions.Google Scholar
  28. Prasertsri, R. (2001). ภาวะผู้นำ [Leadership]. Bangkok: Thanarat.Google Scholar
  29. Prussia, G. E., Anderson, J. S., & Manz, C. C. (1998). Self-leadership and performance outcomes: The mediating influence of self-efficacy. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19, 523–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Riggio, R. E. (2009). Are you a transformational leader? Psychology Today. Retrieved from
  31. Sringamchoic, P. (2011). สมรรถนะด้านภาวะผู้นำของบุคลากรทางการแพทย์ในโรงพยาบาลศรีสะเกษ [Leadership competency of medical professional personnel in Sisaket Hospital]. Unpublished master’s thesis, Sukjothai Thammathirat Open University, Bangkok, Thailand.Google Scholar
  32. Sritanyarat, D. (2008). แนวโน้มงานทรัพยากรมนุษย์ในประเทศไทยในช่วงปี พ.ศ. 2551–2553 [HR trends in Thailand in 2008–2010]. Unpublished master’s independent study. School of Human Resource Development, The National Institute of Development Administration, Thailand. (In Thai).Google Scholar
  33. Sritanyarat, D. (2016). Leadership and quality of work life in organization that has successfully adopted the Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy: Chumphon Cabana Resort and Diving Center. NIDA Case Research Journal, 8(2).Google Scholar
  34. Thailand Professional Qualification Institution (TPQI) (Public Organization). (2015). ประวัติองค์การ [Organization history]. Retrieved from
  35. Trivellas, P., & Drimoussis, C. (2013). Investigating leadership styles, behavioral and managerial competency profiles of successful project managers in Greece. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 73(27), 692–700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ulrich, D., & Smallwood, N. (2007). Building a leadership brand. Harvard Business Review, 85(7/8), 93–100.Google Scholar
  37. Wasi, P. (1997). ภาวะผู้นำ: พยาธิสภาพในสังคมไทยและวิธีแก้ไข [Leadership: Symptoms of Thai society and resolutions]. Bangkok: Pimthai.Google Scholar
  38. Wedchayanon, N. (2009). การศึกษาเปรียบเทียบความแตกต่างของการนำเอากรอบสมรรถนะมาใช้ในองค์การภาครัฐและภาคเอกชนของไทย [The study of comparing the difference in the application of competency model between public and private organizations]. NIDA Development Journal, 49(1), 67–100.Google Scholar
  39. Wongprasit, N. (2013). The leadership competencies model of private hospital directors in Thailand. HRD Journal, 4(1), 72–85.Google Scholar
  40. Zaccaro, S. J., Rittman, A. L., & Marks, M. A. (2001). Team leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 12, 451–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiraprapha Tan Akaraborworn
    • 1
  • Dawisa Sritanyarat
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Development Administration (NIDA)BangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations