The Dark Side of Organizational Leadership in the Transformation of Asia and the Need for Reform in Public and Private Sectors: Cases from China and India
The chapter describes and illustrates some of the difficulties in combining public and private sector interests with those of society. It is against this background and in the contexts of China and India respectively that the chapter explores cases of corrupt corporate leadership and government response. Literature review and case studies support the contention that though corporate leaders must have incentives to pursue profit they must also be held accountable to society for the legitimacy of their business decisions. Good governance operates under transparent government response to wrongdoing. One suggestion that emerges from the research is that all business procedures and processes involving interface with government might be automated, as far as possible, to do away with person-to-person interface. This would limit the likelihood of corrupt dealings between business and officialdom, especially where government approval is needed for services, licences and other permits.
KeywordsChina India Leadership Bureaucracy Corruption Private sector Government officials
- Anand, Jatin. (2016, February 10). Delhi Jan Lokpal Bill yet to sweep out ‘dirty politics’. The Hindu. http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/delhi-jan-lokpal-bill-yet-to-sweep-out-dirty-politics/article8217221.ece.
- Atherton, Andrew. (2015, February 18). How the Chinese government can boost its private sector. Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com.
- BBC. (2014, December 6). China arrests ex-security chief Zhou Yongkang. Retrieved from URL: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-30352458.
- Christopher, Elizabeth. (2012). International management: Explorations across cultures, Ch. 8. London, UK: Kogan Page.Google Scholar
- Christopher, Elizabeth (Ed.). (2015). International management and intercultural communication: A collection of case studies (Vol. 1). UK: Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN: 9781137479891.Google Scholar
- Connor, Neil. (2016, March 7). 300,000 Chinese officials ‘punished for corruption’ last year. Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/12185584/300000-Chinese-officials-punished-for-corruption-last-year.html.
- Corruption Perceptions Index. (2016). Transparency International. https://www.iaca.int/images/news/2016/Corruption_Perceptions_Index_2015_report.pdf.
- Delhi Government of India. (2016, January 28). Directorate of Vigilance. Retrieved from URL: http://delhi.gov.in/wps/wcm/connect/lib_vigilance/Vigilance/Home/FAQs/.
- Gan, Nectar & Huang, Keira Lu. (2015, July 14). China’s state-owned enterprises slammed for ‘entrapping’ officials into corruption. South China Morning Post. http://www.scmp.com.
- Hubbard, Paul. (2015, October 30). China’s state-owned enterprises will remain Party animals. Business Spectator. http://www.businessspectator.com.au/.
- Janwalkar, Mayura. (2015, November 19). Delhi government approves ‘historic’ Lokpal bill it had earlier resigned to protect, with tweaks. India Express. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/delhi-govt-approves-historic-lokpal-bill-it-had-earlier-resigned-to-protect-with-tweaks/.
- Jones, Laurie Beth. (1995). Jesus, CEO: Using ancient wisdom for visionary leadership. New York, NY: Hyperion Press Ltd.Google Scholar
- Kapoor, Virender. (2011). The rise & rise of Jugaad: How ordinary people become extraordinarily successful. India, New Delhi: Matrix Publishers.Google Scholar
- Orszag, Peter R. (2014, October 14). Private companies are driving China’s growth. Bloomberg. http://www.bloombergview.com/.
- Pagnutti, Lou. (2015, November 9). Introduction: Beyond Asia: Developed-markets perspectives. EY. http://www.ey.com.
- Perkowski, Jack. (2012, June 5). China’s economy is slowing, but…Forbes. http://www.forbes.com.
- PTI. (2015, December 06). Lokpal may be single window stop for all corruption probe. Economic Times of India. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/lokpal-may-be-single-window-stop-for-all-corruption-probe/articleshow/50062053.cms.
- Radjou, Navi., Prabhu, Jaideep., & Simone, Ahuja. (2012). Jugaad innovation: Think frugal, be flexible, generate breakthrough growth. NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
- Ram, P. (2014). Life in India, Issue 1. India, Haryana: Anvi Publishing Pvt. Ltd.Google Scholar
- Stiglitz, Joseph E. (1994). Whither socialism. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Google Scholar
- Tiwari, Prateeksha M. (2014). Anna Hazare: The new revolutionary. India, New Delhi: Diamond Pocket Books Pvt. Ltd.Google Scholar
- Wu, Jinglian. (2012). Economics and China’s economics rise. In Aoki, Masahiko & Jinglian Wu (Eds.) The Chinese economy: A new transition. London: Palgrave MacMillan, ISBN: 978-1-137-03428-1.Google Scholar
- Yadav, Yogendra. (2015, December 10). Kejriwal’s Jan Lokpal Bill is diluted beyond all recognition. Hindustan Times. http://www.hindustantimes.com/analysis/kejriwal-s-jan-lokpal-bill-is-diluted-beyond-all-recognition/story-RKj8mnVZeJTNnUrLRxglCO.html.
- Yang, Dali L. (1998). Calamity and reform in China: State, rural society, and institutional change since the great leap famine. Stanford, CA: Stanford University.Google Scholar
- Zhang, Dong & Freestone, Owen. (2013). China’s unfinished state-owned enterprise reforms. Economic roundup, Issue 2, Australian Government Treasury. http://www.treasury.gov.au/.