Finnish Cinema pp 227-246 | Cite as

Conclusion: The Transnational Persistence of National Cinemas

  • Henry BaconEmail author
Part of the Palgrave European Film and Media Studies book series (PEFMS)


The study of the transnational aspects of a small nation cinema throughout its history entails first of all systematically collecting data in a variety of ways, ranging from thorough exploration of relevant archives to developing methods for comparative stylistics. The data then has to be interpreted in the light of our increasing understanding of why certain decisions were made in the context in which people operated, taking into account the practical, economic and technical constraints, focusing especially on how their horizons of expectation were formed between the desire to create and maintain a genuinely national film culture on the one hand, and to relate to a variety of developments abroad on the other. All this makes sense only in relation to how such developments were conditioned by the vicissitudes of social, political and ideological changes that have connected the nation with the rest of the world. At times interpretation has to be somewhat speculative due to the unavailability of materials: certain statistics have been systematically collected only after a certain point in time, both films and archival materials have disappeared or are for compelling—and sometimes quite obscure—reasons not available (see the Appendix for statistics compiled by Outi Hupaniittu and her account of the availability, or lack, of relevant data). Nevertheless, reasonably reliable estimates can be made on the basis of surviving public statements, company records and reminiscences by business professionals, cultural critics and commentators as well as members of the audience. Through such records we can form a focused idea of what different people thought about their national cinema in respect of transnational developments that were taking place.


Film Production Film Industry Stylistic Analysis Small Nation Critical Cinema 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Film and Television StudiesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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