Finnish Cinema pp 191-201 | Cite as

International Networks of Production and Distribution

  • Henry BaconEmail author
Part of the Palgrave European Film and Media Studies book series (PEFMS)


The Finnish Film Foundation renewed its policies in the 1980s so as to take into account audience tastes and to keep Finnish film production up to contemporary technical standards. Considering the dominant market position of Hollywood cinema, these were necessary measures in order for a small nation cinema to survive. Though this development was jeopardized by the severe recession of the early 1990s, the state subsidies did increase quite considerably. This has taken place in conjunction with creating international networks, particularly in the Nordic sphere, but also in the context of European funding schemes. Practices of subsidizing have had to be defended against charges of blocking free trade. Finnish as well as European cinema in general has had to find a balance between beating Hollywood at its own game by producing genre films and developing an art house cinema, often focusing more on the achievements of luminous directors rather than distinctly national qualities.


Nordic Country Film Production State Subsidy American Film Television Industry 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Film and Television StudiesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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