At the Intersection of Neo-liberalism and Islam: Being a Muslim Woman in Turkish Universities
- 497 Downloads
Enneli and Enneli provide an account of the interaction between Islam and neo-liberalism in Turkey on the basis of female university students who openly express their religious identities by wearing headscarf. The chapter underlines how Islamic expressions and representations have recently become much more apparent and used for providing privileges in the unequal economic structure. Based on a qualitative research in two universities, one private and one public, Enneli and Enneli draw attention to the students’ dissimilar modes of marking headscarf and religiosity and conclude with a relationship between them and the labour market opportunities, thought to be available in the future.
KeywordsMuslim Woman Muslim Community Social Field Career Expectation Muslim Identity
- Alaranta, T. A. (2014). Political parties and the production of an Islamist – secularist cleavage in Turkey. Approaching Religion, 4(2), 113–124.Google Scholar
- Balkan, E., & Öncü, A. (2015). Reproduction of the Islamic middle class in Turkey. In N. Balkan, E. Balkan, & A. Öncü (Eds.), The neoliberal landscape and the rise of Islamist capital in Turkey (pp. 166–200). New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
- Bangstad, S. (2013, 27–28 September). On xenophobia and nativism. Recycling fatred: Racism(s) in Europe today. Brussels, Belgium. Brussels: European Network Against Racism aisbl (ENAR), pp. 87–94.Google Scholar
- Berkes, N. (1964). The development of secularism in Turkey. Montreal: McGill University Press.Google Scholar
- Bourdieu, P., & Wacquant, L. J. D. (1992). An invitation to reflexive sociology. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- COHE. (2014). Higher education system in Turkey. Available at: https://www.yok.gov.tr/documents/10348274/10733291/TR’de+Y%C3%BCksek%C3%B6%C4%9Fretim+Sistemi2.pdf/9027552a-962f-4b03-8450-3d1ff8d56ccc (Accessed 15 December 2015).
- Göle, N. (1991). Modern mahrem: Medeniyet ve örtünme. İstanbul: Metis.Google Scholar
- Hosgör, E. (2015). The question of AKP hegemony: Consent without consensus. In N. Balkan, E. Balkan, & A. Öncü (Eds.), The neoliberal landscape and the rise of Islamist capital in Turkey (pp. 201–234). New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
- İlyasoğlu, A. (2013). Örtülü kimlik: İslamcı kadın kimliğinin oluşum öğeleri. İstanbul: Metis.Google Scholar
- Kadıoğlu, A. (2006). Muslim feminist debates on the question of headscarf in contemporary Turkey. In I. Abu-Rabi‘ (Ed.), The Blackwell companion to contemporary Islamic thought. (pp. 609–623). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
- Lindisfarne, N. (2002). Elhamdülillah laikiz: cinsiyet, İslam ve Türk milliyetçiliği. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları.Google Scholar
- Mardin, Ş. (1989). Religion and social change in modern Turkey: The case of Bediüzzaman Said Nursi. New York: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
- Modood, T. (2015) Multiculturalism and moderate secularism (EUI Working Paper). Italy: European University Institute.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2014). OECD economic surveys: Turkey 2014. Available at: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/oecd-economic-surveys-turkey-2014_eco_surveys-tur-2014-en, (Accessed 15 December 2015).
- OECD. (2015). OECD Better Life Index-Turkey. Available at http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/countries/turkey/. (Accessed 15 December 2015).
- Peres, R. (2012). A history of the headscarf ban in Turkey. Turkish Review, 2(5), 34–46.Google Scholar
- Peucker, M., & Akbarzadeh, S. (2012). The vicious cycle of stereotyping: Muslims in Europe and Australia. In F. M. Mansouri & V. M. Marotta (Eds.), Muslims in the West and the challenges of belonging (pp. 171–197). Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar
- Stokes, M. (1993). The Arabesk Debate: Music and musicians in modern Turkey. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- TBMM Araştırma Merkezi (2015) Türkiye’de üniversite mezunu nüfusun işgücü durumu. Available at: http://spm.ku.edu.tr/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Turkiye_de_Universite_Mezunu_Nufusun_Isgucu_Durumu-1.pdf (Accessed 15 December 2015).
- Winter, B. (2010). Women and the ‘Turkish paradox’: What the headscarf is covering up. Modern Greek Studies (Australia & New Zealand), 14, 216–238.Google Scholar
- Yılmaz, S. (2014). Social mobility and its discontents: The center-periphery cleavage of Turkey. Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Araştırmaları Dergisi, 3(2), 28–44.Google Scholar