Islamophobia in Quebec Secondary Schools: Inquiries into the Experiences of Muslim Male Youth Post-9/11

  • Naved BakaliEmail author


In this chapter, Bakali provides a timely examination of the presence of Islamophobia in Quebec secondary schools in the post-9/11 context. Employing a critical ethnographic approach stemming from institutional ethnography, this chapter explores systemic and institutional racism experienced by young Muslim men in their secondary schools and possible causes for this treatment. Through engaging with participants in individual interviews and focus group discussions, Bakali describes how participants regularly encountered bias from classmates and teachers relating their perceived faith. The findings in this chapter suggest that anti-Muslim racism experienced by participants was inextricably linked to the effects of the War on Terror in the North American context. Moreover, these experiences were also impacted by Quebec state practices, policies, and political and media discourses.


Focus Group Discussion Muslim Woman Media Discourse Muslim Student Islamic Faith 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.McGill UniversityMontréal, QCCanada

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