Role of Citizens

  • Constant D. Beugré
Part of the Palgrave Studies of Entrepreneurship in Africa book series (PSEA)


This chapter discusses the role of citizens in the creation of entrepreneurial ecosystems in sub-Saharan Africa. Very often, citizens blame their governments for what goes wrong. This chapter acknowledges that citizens are part of the problem as well as the solution. Whether a country is entrepreneurial or not depends on its citizens. It is the people, their capacity to tolerate risk and embrace uncertainty that determine whether entrepreneurship will take root in their community or not. Hence, to make a positive impact, citizens must change their value system, attitudes, and actual behaviors. For example, in the context of sub-Saharan Africa, citizens must reevaluate their attitudes toward entrepreneurship and failure, encourage family entrepreneurship, and reduce the forced solidarity tax.


Diaspora entrepreneurs Entrepreneurial mindset Forced solidarity tax Kin venturing 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Constant D. Beugré
    • 1
  1. 1.Delaware State UniversityDoverUSA

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