Widening and Deepening the Relationship with China Before the Reforms, 1973–77
In this chapter Albers looks at how cultural and economic exchange between China and Europe developed during the final years of Maoism. While the Chinese were increasingly interested in importing European technology, the country remained closed to most cultural influences from the West. Concentrating on high-tech trade, Britain successfully continued its policy of supplying aeronautical technology to China but faced mounting challenges through political and economic difficulties at home. France likewise focused on supporting its national champions in the Chinese market, especially with regard to nuclear energy. Germany, by contrast, ruled out any trade in strategic goods. But since the Chinese also needed civilian technology, German export industries nevertheless managed to establish themselves in China, laying the foundation for a German export boom after the start of the Chinese reforms.