Advertisement

Leisure in the Current Interregnum: Exploring the Social Theories of Anthony Giddens and Zygmunt Bauman

  • Spencer Swain
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter explores the role of leisure within the current interregnum, a period in human history that has seen the death of “solid” modernity and the transition to “liquid” modernity. Here, the chapter explains this development and its effect upon leisure, exploring the social theories of Anthony Giddens and Zygmunt Bauman to articulate whether this transition has provided individuals with freedom in their leisure time. It is argued that consumer capitalism causes members of society to become exposed to a negative form of liberty, offering people choice but reducing their feeling of security, inducing social division and alienation. The problems lead the chapter to call for a re-articulation of what leisure represents. A perspective that articulates how leisure time should be used to forge communicative rationalities that provide respect and tolerance is derived from democratic virtues that induce tolerance.

Keywords

Leisure Interregnum Modernity Freedom 

References

  1. Alexander, J. (1996). Critical reflection on “reflexive modernization”. Theory, Culture and Society, 13(4), 133–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baudrillard, J. (1998). The consumer society: Myths & structures. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bauman, Z. (1987). Legislators and interpretors: On modernity, post-modernity and intellectuals. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bauman, Z. (1988). Sociology after the Holocaust. The British Journal of Sociology, 39(4), 469–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bauman, Z. (1989). Modernity and the Holocaust. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bauman, Z. (1991). Modernity and ambivalence. Itacha: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bauman, Z. (1995). Life in fragments: Essays in postmodern morality. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Bauman, Z. (1997). Postmodernity and its discontents. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Bauman, Z. (1998). Globalization: The human consequences. New York: Colombia University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Bauman, Z. (2000). Liquid modernity. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  11. Bauman, Z. (2001). The individualized society. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  12. Bauman, Z. (2004). Wasted lives: Modernity and its outcasts. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  13. Bauman, Z. (2007). Consuming life. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  14. Bauman, Z. (2010). 44 letters from the liquid modern world. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  15. Bauman, Z., & Tester, K. (2001). Conversations with Zygmunt Bauman. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  16. Beck, U. (1992). Risk society: Towards a new modernity. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. Beck, U. (1994). The reinvention of politics: Towards a theory of reflexive modernization. In U. Beck, A. Giddens, & S. Lash (Eds.), Reflexive modernization: Politics, tradition and aesthetics in the modern social order (pp. 1–55). Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  18. Beland, D. (2007). Neo-liberalism and social policy. Policy Studies, 28(2), 91–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Blackshaw, T. (2003). Leisure life. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Blackshaw, T. (2005). Zygmunt Bauman. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Borsay, P. (2006). A history of leisure: The British experience since 1500. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Castells, M. (2004). The information age: Economy, society and culture. The power of identity (2nd ed.). Malden: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  23. Fromm, E. (1984). The fear of freedom. London: ARK.Google Scholar
  24. Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and self-identity: Self and society in the late modern age. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Giddens, A. (1993). The Giddens reader. Basingstoke: The Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
  26. Giddens, A. (1994). Living in a post-traditional society. In U. Beck, A. Giddens, & S. Lash (Eds.), Reflexive modernization: Politics, tradition and aesthetics in the modern social order. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  27. Giddens, A. (1998). The third way: The renewal of social democracy. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  28. Giddens, A., & Cassell, P. (1993). The Gidens reader. Basingstoke: The Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
  29. Giddens, A., & Pierson, C. (1998). Conversations with Anthony Giddens: Making sense of modernity. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  30. Gramsci, A. (1971). Selections from the prison notebooks. London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar
  31. Gramsci, A. (1978). In Q. Hoare & S. G. Nowell (Eds.), Selections from the prison notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar
  32. Hall, S. (2011). The neo-liberal revolution. Cultural Studies, 25(6), 705–728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Keller, M. (2005). Freedom calling: Telephony, mobility and consumption in post socialist Estonia. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 8(2), 217–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kennedy, M. (2002). Cultural formations of post-communism. Emancipation, transition, nation and war. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  35. Lawrence, S. (2015). We are the boys from the black country’! (re)imagining local, regional and spectator identities through fandom at walsall football club. Social & Cultural Geography, 17(2), 1–18. doi:  10.1080/14649365.2015.1059481.Google Scholar
  36. McDonald, M., Wearing, S., & Ponting, J. (2007). Narcissism and neo-liberalism: Work, leisure and alienation in an era of consumption. Society and Leisure, 30(2), 489–510.Google Scholar
  37. Roberts, K. (2004). The leisure industries. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  38. Rojek, C. (2001). Leisure and life politics. Leisure Sciences: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23(2), 115–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Russell, D. (2013). The making of modern leisure: The British experience c.1850 to c.1960. In T. Blackshaw (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of leisure studies (pp. 15–25). Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Slater, D. (1997). Consumer culture and modernity. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  41. Snape, R., & Pussard, H. (2013). Theorisations of leisure in inter-war Britain. Leisure Studies, 32(1), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Spracklen, K. (2011). Constructing leisure: Historical and philosophical debates. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zizek, S. (2010). Living in the end times. London: Verso.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Spencer Swain
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Leeds Beckett UniversityLeedsUK
  2. 2.York St John UniversityYorkUK

Personalised recommendations