Listening to Nineteenth-Century Kanaka ‘Ōiwi Voices; Re-imagining the Possibilities for Leisure

  • Karen M. Fox
  • Lisa McDermott


In the Hawaiian Kingdom of the nineteenth century, Mōʻī David Kalākaua employed social and cultural policies and “spectacles of display” to sustain the sovereignty of the lāhui. At first glance, these policies suggest that Hawaiian social and cultural practices easily cohere with Western leisure theoretical concepts. Drawing on Jonathan Z. Smith’s comparative approach, we present strategies for maieutic listening to Kanaka ʻŌiwi scholarship and voices and a rectification of leisure theory while maintaining an ambiguity around the commonality between Kanaka ʻŌiwi social and cultural practices and Western leisure theory.


Leisure theory Kanaka ʻŌiwi Hawaiian Kingdom Comparative methodology 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen M. Fox
    • 1
  • Lisa McDermott
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Physical Education and RecreationUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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