Advertisement

Islam and Leisure

  • Kristin Walseth
  • Mahfoud Amara
Chapter
  • 962 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter explores the relationship between leisure and Islam, including the place of leisure within the Islamic tradition, religiosity among Muslims in Diaspora and on how religiosity influences Muslims participation in leisure activities. UK and Norway are selected as case studies to examine how policy makers and local authorities respond to/and accommodate the demand of Muslim communities to organize leisure activities and access to leisure facilities. The chapter ends by addressing the new development of “halal tourism” and “halal leisure”. It is argued that “halal leisure” can be seen as a sign of the development of new hybrid identities where Muslims seek to combine their religious identity with modern western leisure habits.

Keywords

Islam Muslim communities Leisure Sport Tradition Youth Gender 

References

  1. Abdelrahman, N. A. (1992). Women and sport in the Islamic society. Alexandria: Alexandria University.Google Scholar
  2. Ahmad, A. (2011). British football: Where are the Muslim female footballers? Exploring the connections between gender, ethnicity and Islam. Soccer and Society, 12(3), 443–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amara, M. (2008). An introduction to the study of sport in the Muslim world. In B. Houlihan (Ed.), Sport and society. A student introduction (2nd ed., pp. 532–552). Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Amara, M., & Henry, I. (2010). Sport, Muslim identities and cultures in the UK, an emerging policy issue: Case studies of Leicester and Birmingham. European Sport Management Quarterly, 10, 419–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Amara, M., & Henry, I. (2012). Deconstructing the debate around sport and the ‘question’ of ‘Muslim minorities’ in the West. In M. Farrar, S. Robinson, Y. Valli, & P. Wetherly (Eds.), Islam in the West: Key issues in multiculturalism (pp. 138–153). Basingstoke: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Arabianbusiness. (2014, February 15). GCC tourists to UK rise by 10%, says VisitBritain. Available from: http://www.arabianbusiness.com/gcc-tourists-uk-rise-by-10-says-visitbritain-538724.html. Accessed 15 Jan 2016.
  7. Benn, T., Dagkas, S., & Jawad, H. (2011a). Embodied faith: Islam, religious freedom and educational practices in physical education. Sport, Education and Society, 16(1), 17–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Benn, T., Pfister, G., & Jawad, H. (2011b). Muslim women and sport. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Burdsey, D. (2010). British Muslim experiences in English first-class cricket. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 45(3), 315–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dagkas, S., Benn, T., & Jawad, H. (2011). Multiple voices: Improving participation of Muslim girls in physical education and school sport. Sport, Education and Society, 16(2), 223–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Farooq, S., & Parker, A. (2009). Sport, physical education, and Islam: Muslim independent schooling and the social construction of masculinities. Sociology of Sport Journal, 26, 277–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Guerin, P. B., Diiriye, R. O., Corrigan, C., & Guerin, B. (2003). Physical activity programs for refugee Somali women: Working out in a new country. Women & Health, 38(1), 83–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hamzeh, M., & Oliver, K. L. (2012). “Because I am Muslim, I cannot wear a swimsuit”: Muslim girls negotiate veiled-off physical activities. Research Quarterly in Exercise and Sport, 83(2), 330–339.Google Scholar
  14. Islam.ru. (2005). Halal tourism more developed in non-Muslim countries. Available from: http://islam.ru/en/content/story/halal-tourism-more-developed-non-muslim-countries. Accessed 1 Feb 2016.
  15. Jawad, H., Al-Sinani, Y., & Benn, T. (2011). Islam, women and sport. In T. Benn, G. Pfister, & H. Jawad (Eds.), Muslim women and sport (pp. 25–40). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Jiwani, N., & Rail, G. (2010). Islam, hijab and young Shia Muslim Canadian women’s discursive constructions of physical activity. Sociology of Sport Journal, 27(3), 251–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lohlker, Vr, (2004) Halal Hip Hop and Islam: An exploration into music, technology, religion and marginality. In Im Selbstverlag Des Instituts Für Orientalistik (pp. 115–135).Google Scholar
  18. Miah, S., & Kalra, S. K. (2012). Muslim Hip-Hop: Politicization of Kool Islam. SACS, 2(1), 12–25. Available from: https://blogs.edgehill.ac.uk/sacs/files/2012/07/Document-4-Miah-S.-Kalra-V.-S-Muslim-Hip-Hop-Politicisation-of-Kool-Islam.pdf. Accessed 10 Feb 2016.
  19. NBC News. (2005, October 25). ‘Halal’ tourism takes off as travel companies cater to Muslim faithful. Available from: http://www.nbcnews.com/business/travel/halal-tourism-takes-travel-companies-cater-muslim-faithful-n447986. Accessed 20 Jan 2016.
  20. Palmer, C. (2009). Soccer and the politics of identity for young Muslim refugee women in South Australia. Soccer & Society, 10(1), 27–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pfister, G. (2011). Muslim women and sport in diasporas: Theories, discourses and practices—Analysing the case of Denmark. In T. Benn, G. Pfister, & H. Jawad (Eds.), Muslim women and sport (pp. 41–77). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Qaradawy, al-Y. (1992). The status of women in Islam. Cairo: Islamic Home publishing & Distribution.Google Scholar
  23. Ramadan, T. (2004). Western Muslims and the future of Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Ratna, A. (2010). ‘Taking the power back!’ :The politics of British–Asian female football players. Young, 18(2), 117–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ratna, A. (2011). “Who wants to make aloo gobi when you can bend it like Beckham?” British Asian females and their racialised experiences of gender and identity in women’s football. Soccer and Society, 12(3), 382–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sametoğlu, S. U. (2015). Halalscapes: Leisure, fun and aesthetic spaces created by young Muslim women of the Gülen movement in France and Germany. In E. Toğuşlu (Ed.), Everyday life practices of Muslims in Europe. Leuven: Leuven University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Serendib Leisure. (n.d.). Halal friendly crescent rating for Club Hotel Dolphin. Available from: http://www.serendibleisure.com/halal-friendly-crescent-rating-for-club-hotel-dolphin.html. Accessed 1 Feb 2016.
  28. Sfeir, L. (1985). Conflict between cultural tradition and modernization. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 20(4), 283–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Strandbu, Å. (2005). Identity, embodied culture and physical exercise. Stories from Muslim girls in Oslo with immigrant background. Young, 13(1), 27–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Strandbu, Å., & Bakken, A. (2007). Aktiv Oslo-Ungdom. En Studie av Idrett, Minoritetsbakgrunn og Kjønn (Report No. 2). Oslo: NOVA.Google Scholar
  31. Vandschoot, L. (2005). Navigating the divide: Muslim perspectives on the municipal delivery of leisure services in Calgary, Canadian Association for Leisure Studies. Available from: http://lin.ca/sites/default/files/attachments/CCLR11-152.pdf. Accessed 1 Dec 2015.
  32. Walseth, K. (2006). Young Muslim women and sport: The impact of identity work. Leisure Studies, 25, 75–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Walseth, K. (2015). Sport within Muslim organizations in Norway: Ethnic segregated activities as arena for integration. Leisure Studies, 35(1), 78–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Walseth, K. (2016). Sport within Muslim organizations in Norway: Ethnic segregated activities as arena for integration. Leisure Studies, 35(1), 78–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Walseth, K., & Bakken, A. (unpublished paper). Muslimske ungdommers fritidsmønster.Google Scholar
  36. Walseth, K., & Fasting, K. (2003). Islam’s view on physical activity and sport—Egyptian women interpreting Islam. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 38(1), 45–60.Google Scholar
  37. Walseth, K., & Fasting, K. (2004). Sport as a means of integrating minority women. Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, 7(1), 109–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. William, H. M., & Mason, S. (2003). Leisure in three middle eastern countries. World Leisure Journal, 45(1), 35–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wray, S. (2002). Connecting ethnicity, gender and physicality: Muslim Pakistani women, physical activity and health. In S. Scraton & A. Flintoff (Eds.), Gender and sport: A reader (pp. 127–140). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Zaman, H. (1997). Islam, well-being and physical activity: Perceptions of Muslim young women. In G. Clarke & B. Humberstone (Eds.), Researching women and sport (pp. 50–67). London: Macmillian Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristin Walseth
    • 1
  • Mahfoud Amara
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Education and International StudiesOslo and Akershus University CollegeOsloNorway
  2. 2.Sport Sciences Department, College of Arts and SciencesQatar UniversityDohaQatar

Personalised recommendations