Challenges Facing Women’s Political Participation Post Arab Spring: The Cases of Egypt and Tunisia
Despite similarities between the Egyptian and Tunisian experiences since the onset of the Arab Spring, the two countries have taken different paths to democracy and to achieving gender parity in the decision-making process. While both countries have recently enshrined women’s political rights in their post-revolutionary constitutions, wide variations still exist regarding women’s substantive gains in the electoral arena. The goal of this chapter is to offer an in-depth examination and analysis of the gender-related articles in both the Egyptian and the Tunisian constitutions—especially those directly addressing women’s political representation. The chapter concludes with a broader discussion of the prospects of women’s political participation in the MENA region.
KeywordsEgypt Tunisia Gender equality Constitution Political participation Elections
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