Open Innovation Adoption in Clusters: The Portuguese Case

  • António Bob Santos
  • Sandro Mendonça
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Democracy, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship for Growth book series (DIG)


Given the lack of academic research linking open innovation and clusters literature, this chapter analyzes open innovation adoption in clusters based on the Portuguese case. This chapter stretches the notion of “open innovation”, usually deployed in innovation management studies, and takes it as a phenomenon relevant at the meso sectoral/regional scale. This research draws on a Delphi questionnaire launched to the Portuguese clusters, identifying the main barriers for the development of open innovation activities. The factors that hinder the use of open innovation in clusters are related to internal problems (e.g. management capabilities) and external factors (e.g. funding access). This chapter also allows the understanding of the importance of belonging to a cluster for the pursuit of open innovation activities and contributes to a debate on the need to develop more “pro-openness” innovation policies.


Open innovation Clusters Cluster policy Innovation policy 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • António Bob Santos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sandro Mendonça
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL)LisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Agência Nacional de Inovação (ANI)PortoPortugal
  3. 3.Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL)LisboaPortugal
  4. 4.Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL)LisboaPortugal
  5. 5.UECE (ISEG, Universiy of Lisbon)LisboaPortugal
  6. 6.Obercom (Observatório da Comunicação)LisboaPortugal
  7. 7.SPRU (University of Sussex)BrightonUK

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