Conclusion and Implications
- 546 Downloads
This concluding chapter first highlights the main arguments and findings of the present study, and then discusses its theoretical, social, and policy implications. Theoretically, it covers three issues. First it calls for a broader structural approach to examining gender dynamics. Second, it points out that there may not be any real trade-off between economic growth and moderate redistribution of income. Finally, it emphasizes the role of the state in providing public goods, including family and individual well-being. Socially, it echoes many anti-liberal or anti-neoliberal thinkers in stressing the importance of embedding economic relations in social relations to restore collective well-being and strengthen social cohesion. Policy-wise, it advocates bringing the family into the public arena, increasing societal scope for public good, coordinating public interests and private business interests, and enhancing the collective well-being of families.
KeywordsGender Equality Family Conflict Parental Leave Family Role Household Labor
- Alestalo, Matt, Sven Hort, and Stein Kuhnle. 2009. The Nordic model: Conditions, origins, outcomes, lessons. Working paper no. 41, Berlin: Hertie School of Governance.Google Scholar
- Berg, Andrew G., and Jonathan D. Ostry. 2011. Inequality and unsustainable growth: Two sides of the same coin? International Monetary Fund. April 8. JEL classification numbers: O1, O4.Google Scholar
- Blum, Sonja. 2014. Family policies and fertility. In Family changes in China and comparative research of family policies, ed. Yin Yihong and Catrina Schläger, 391–407. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University Press.Google Scholar
- Brenner, Johanna. 2000. Women and the politics of class. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
- China Statistical Year Book. 2014. Table 22–23: Statistics on marriages and divorces. http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2014/indexeh.htm. Accessed 28 April 2015.
- Coontz, Stephanie. 1988. The social origins of private life. London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Gramsci, A. 1971. Selections from the prison notebooks of Antonio Gramsci (Trans. Q. Hoare & G. N. Smith). New York: International Publishers.Google Scholar
- Han, Yuhai. 2014. Rereading Karl Marx. Beijing: China CITIC Press..Google Scholar
- Harvey, David. 2005. A brief history of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Henwood, Doug. 2003. After the New Economy. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
- Huffington, Ariana. 2003. Pigs at trough. New York: Crown Publishers.Google Scholar
- Jin, Yihong. 2014. A study of rural families affected by migration. In Family changes in China and comparative research of family policies, ed. Yin Yihong and Catrina Schläger, 313–327. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University Press.Google Scholar
- Judd, Ellen. 2002. The Chinese Women’s Movement between State and Market. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Krugman, Paul. 2014. Liberty, equality, efficiency. New York Times, March 9.Google Scholar
- Kuhnle, Stein. 2015. Welfare states with Nordic characteristics. Conference proceedings: Ageing welfare & social policy, Sino-Nordic Welfare Forum, hosted by Sino-Nordic Welfare Research Network, Beijing, June 20–June 21.Google Scholar
- Li, Mingqi. 2008. The rise of China and the demise of the capitalist world economy. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
- Lin, Chun. 2006. The transformation of Chinese socialism. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
- Lowrey, Annie. 2013a. Household incomes remain flat despite improving economy. New York Times, September 17.Google Scholar
- ———. 2013b. The rich get richer through the recovery. New York Times, September 11.Google Scholar
- Marx, Karl. 1978. Economic and philosophic manuscripts of 1844. In The Marx-Engels reader, ed. R.C. Tucker, 66–125. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
- ———. 1844. On the Jewish question. https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1844/jewish-question/. Accessed 24 July 2015.
- New Beijing Newspaper. 2015. The world-wide ranking of social well-being: Norway as #1 and China as #76. http://news.xinghuanet.com.
- Ostry, Jonathan D., Andrew G. Berg and Charalambos G. Tsangarides. 2014. Redistribution, Inequality, and Growth. IMF Staff Discussion Note. Washington DC: International Monetary Fund. February. SDN/14/02.Google Scholar
- Polanyi, Karl.  2001. The great transformation. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
- Ruhlen, Rebecca N. 2014. Family policy in the United States of America. In Comparative research of family policies, ed. Yin Yihong and Catrina Schläger, 418–434. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University Press.Google Scholar
- Schober, Pia S. 2014. Family policies from a gender equality perspective. In Comparative research of family policies, ed. Yin Yihong and Catrina Schläger, 408–417. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University Press.Google Scholar
- Sen, Amartya. 2015. Harmony and disharmony in social development: Comparative experiences of China and India (in Chinese). China Social Worker Service Platform. June 13. http://cncasw.blog.163.com/blog/static/1691379682015515621.
- Volscho, Thomas. 2015. The revenge of the capitalist crises, the legitimacy of capitalism and the restoration of finance from the 1970s to present. Critical sociology. First published online 3 June. (0896920515589003).Google Scholar
- Xu, Anqi. 2014. Changing family values. In Family changes in china and comparative research of family policies, ed. Yin Yihong and Catrina Schläger, 280–294. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University Press.Google Scholar
- Yang, Yiyong. 1997. Equality or efficiency—Income distribution in contemporary China. Beijing: Contemporary China Press.Google Scholar
- Zuo, Jiping. 2003. From revolutionary comrades to gendered partners. Journal of Family Issues 24: 314–337.Google Scholar