Labor Denigration and Work–Family Conflict
- 570 Downloads
This chapter provides the backdrop to women’s lived experiences under post-Mao market reform (1978–present) in urban China. It first describes the state–family disaggregation of the post-Mao era evidenced by the state’s retreat as the provider of social welfare for urban families and the introduction of market forces shuffling families into the private domain. It then tackles the issue of labor denigration and work–family conflict resulting from state–family disaggregation compared to the state-socialist period, despite increased family autonomy, individual freedom, and a rising standard of living.
KeywordsSick Leave Family Conflict Informal Sector Female Worker Maternity Leave
- Barboza, David. 2010. After suicides, scrutiny of China’s grim factories. New York Times June 6.Google Scholar
- Bian, Yanjie, John Logan, and Xiaoling Shu. 2000. Wage and job inequalities in the working lives of men and women in Tianjin. In Re-drawing boundaries, ed. B. Entwisle and G. Henderson, 111–133. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Blum, Sonja. 2014. Family policies and fertility. In Family changes in China and comparative research of family policies, ed. Yin Yihong and Catrina Schläger, 391–407. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University Press.Google Scholar
- China News Network. 2008. www.Chinanews.com. September 18.
- Deng, Xiaoping. 1984. Building a socialism with Chinese characteristics. In Collections of Deng Xiaoping’s articles, edited by Document Editing Committee, CPC Central Commission. Volume 3, 62–66. Beijing: People’s Press, 1993.Google Scholar
- ———. 1985. There is no fundamental contradiction between socialism and market economy. In Collections of Deng Xiaoping’s articles, edited by Document Editing Committee, CPC Central Commission. Volume 3, 148–151. Beijing: People’s Press, 1993.Google Scholar
- Gu, Xin. 2007. “New explorations on healthcare reform in China. Pp. 226-241 in Analysis and Forecast on China’s Social Development, edited by Xin Lu, Xueyi Lu, and Peilin Li. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Hanser, Amy. 2007. A tale of two sales floors: Changing service-work regimes in China. In Working in China, ed. C.K. Lee, 77–98. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Harvey, David. 2005. A brief history of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Interior Department, Finance Department, and Department of Human Resources of the State Council of PRC. 1956. The joint announcement concerning the seniorities of employees of government agencies. February 21. http://www.lawlib.com/law/law_view.asp?id=43289. Accessed 12 February 2015.
- Jacobs, Andrew. 2010. Workers let go by China’s banks are putting up a fight. New York Times, August 15.Google Scholar
- Jiang, Yongping (ed.). 2006. Women’s social status in China’s transition. Beijing: Women of China Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Jiang, Yongping. 2007. Reconstructing social support system of women’s employment. Zhejiang Academic Journal, 2: 207–211.Google Scholar
- Labor Department. 1959. The announcement of trial stipulations concerning workers’ pays for overtime, personal leave, sick leave, and non-work periods. June 1. http://www.law-lib.com/law/law_view.asp?id=1395. Accessed 12 February 2015.
- ———. 1994. The announcement of stipulations concerning workers’ sick leave and non-work related injury leave. Number 479. December 1. http://www.bjld.gov.cn/LDJAPP/search/fgdetail.jsp?no=734.
- Lee, Ching Kwan. 2007. Against the law: Labor protests in China’s Rustbelt and Sunbelt. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Li, Mingqi. 2008. The rise of China and the demise of the capitalist world economy. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
- Li, Peilin, Chen Guangjin, and Li Wei. 2007. A report on the situation of social harmony and stability of China in 2006. In Analysis and forecast on China’s social development, ed. Xueyi Lu, Xi Lu, and Li Peilin, 19–31. Beijing: Social Sciences Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Lin, Chun. 2006. The transformation of Chinese socialism. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
- Liu, Jianjun. 2000. Danwei China—Individuals, organizations, and the state within a socially regulated system. Tianjin: Tianjin People’s Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Liu, Bohong, Zhang Yongying, and Li Yani. 2008. Reconciling work and family: Issues and policies in China. A Working Report to International Labor Organization (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Lü, Qingzhe. 2008. “Livelihood and consumption of urban and rural residents in China.” Pp. 16–29 in Society of China: Analysis and Forecast, edited by Xin Lu, Xueyi Lu, and Peilin Li. Beijing: Social Science Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Meisner, Maurice. 1999. Mao’s China and after: A history of the People’s Republic. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Civil Affairs. 2003. Tentative regulation of marriage registration work. September 25. http://www.gov.cn/banshi/2005-08/21/content_25046.htm. Accessed 8 January 2015.
- Oi, Jean C., and Andrew Walder (eds.). 1999. Property rights and economic reform in China. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Ortis, Eileen M. 2007. Virtual personalism in Beijing: Learning deference and femininity at a global luxury hotel. In Working in China, ed. C.K. Lee, 101–123. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Park, Albett, and Fang Cai. 2011. Chapter 2: The informalization of the Chinese labor market. In From iron rice bowls to informalization: Markets, state and workers in a changing China, ed. Sarosh Kuruvilla, Ching Kwan Lee, and Mary Gallagher, 17–35. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Perry, Elizabeth J., and Mark Selden (eds.). 2003. Chinese society. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Philion, Stephen. 2009. Workers’ democracy in China’s transition from state socialism. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Pun, Ngai. 2005. Made in China. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
- Rofel, Lisa. 1999. Other modernities. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Shen, Liren. 2004. The powerless in China. Beijing: Democracy and Construction Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- ———. 2006. The unemployed in China. Beijing: Democracy and Construction Press (In Chinese).Google Scholar
- State Council. 2007. Number 514 law of the PRC: Employees’ paid vacations. http://www.gov.cn/flfg/2007-12/16/content_835527.htm. December 16. Accessed 23 January 2015.
- Tao, Chunfang, and Jiang Yonping. 1995. A review of the social status of women in China. Beijing: New World Press.Google Scholar
- Tong, Xin. 2003. Alienation and resistance. Beijing: Chinese Press of Social Sciences (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Tong, Xin, and Lijun Zhou. 2014. On work-family balance in China. In Family change in China and comparative research of family policies, ed. Jin Yihong and Catrina Schläger, 371–388. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University Press.Google Scholar
- Walder, Andrew. 1986. Communist neo-traditionalism. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- ——— (ed.). 1995. The waning of the communist state: Economic origins of political decline in China and Hungary. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Wolf, Margery. 1985. Revolution postponed; women in contemporary China. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Yang, Dongping. 2007. The development and improvement of Chinese education. In Analysis and forecast on Chinese Social Development, ed. Xin Lu, Xueyi Lu, and Peilin Li, 74–87. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press.Google Scholar
- ———. 2008. Education and equity. In Sociology and Chinese society, ed. Peilin Li, Qiang Li, and Rong Ma, 278–303. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Yang, Yiyong, and Zhenhe Chi. 2011. Income distribution in today’s China and its future trend. In Society of China analysis and forecast, ed. Xin Lu, Xueyi Lu, and Peilin Li. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Zhang, Xibo. 2004. The history of marriage law in China. Beijing: People’s Press.Google Scholar