Advertisement

Genesis and Humanity’s Dominion

  • Michael J. GilmourEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series book series (PMAES)

Abstract

C. S. Lewis thought often about the meaning of humanity’s “dominion” over the earth and its animals (Genesis 1:26), and he insists it does not indicate a dispassionate, heavy-handed conquest of other creatures. Instead, he articulates a gentler vision of humanity’s role in Creation. This chapter examines ways the Victorian author George MacDonald informed Lewis’s thinking on this topic, and then examines various selections illustrating the improper and proper exercise of authority.

References

  1. Abrams, M. H., with Geoffrey Galt Harpham. A Glossary of Literary Terms. 8th ed. Toronto: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005.Google Scholar
  2. Bassham, Gregory. “Lewis and Tolkien on the Power of the Imagination.” In C. S. Lewis as Philosopher: Truth, Goodness and Beauty. Edited by David Baggett, Gary R. Habermas, and Jerry L. Walls. 245–260. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2008.Google Scholar
  3. Bloom, Harold, with translation by David Rosenberg. The Book of J. New York: Vintage, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. ———. “Introduction.” In C. S. Lewis. Bloom’s Modern Critical Views. Edited by Harold Bloom. 1–3. New York: Chelsea, 2006.Google Scholar
  5. Creegan, Nicola Hoggard. Animal Suffering and the Problem of Evil. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  6. Dickerson, Matthew, and David O’Hara. Narnia and the Fields of Arbol: The Environmental Vision of C. S. Lewis. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2009.Google Scholar
  7. Donne, John. John Donne’s Poetry. 2d ed. Norton Critical Edition. Edited by Arthur L. Clements. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992.Google Scholar
  8. Downing, David C. Into the Region of Awe: Mysticism in C. S. Lewis. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2005.Google Scholar
  9. Filmer-Davies, Cath. “C. S. Lewis.” In The Oxford Handbook of English Literature and Theology. Edited by Andrew W. Hass, David Jasper, and Elisabeth Jay. 655–668. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
  10. Ford, Paul F. Companion to Narnia: A Complete Guide to the Magical World of C. S. Lewis’s The Chronicles of Narnia. Revised and Expanded Edition. New York: HarperCollins, 2005.Google Scholar
  11. Gabelman, Daniel. George MacDonald: Divine Carelessness and Fairytale Levity. Waco: Baylor University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  12. Gilmour, Michael J. “C. S. Lewis and Animal Experimentation.” Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 67.4 (2015): 254–262.Google Scholar
  13. ———. “C. S. Lewis Proposes a Toast: Health to All Animals, Real and Imagined.” Direction 44.2 (2015): 173–182.Google Scholar
  14. ———. “Rethinking Dominion: C. S. Lewis and the Sleek, Purring Panther.” In Animal Theologians. Edited by Andrew Linzey and Clair Linzey (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  15. Gluck, John P. Voracious Science and Vulnerable Animals: A Primate Scientist’s Ethical Journey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016.Google Scholar
  16. Gullone, Eleonora. “Children’s Relations to Animals.” In The Global Guide to Animal Protection. Edited by Andrew Linzey. 125–126. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  17. Herodotus. The History of Herodotus. Translated by David Greene. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  18. Hobgood-Oster, Laura. “And Say the Animal Really Responded: Speaking Animals in the History of Christianity.” In Divinanimality: Animal Theory, Creaturely Theology. Edited by Stephen D. Moore. 210–222. New York: Fordham University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
  19. Jacobs, Alan. The Narnian: The Life and Imagination of C. S. Lewis. New York: HarperSanFrancisco, 2006.Google Scholar
  20. Julian of Norwich. Revelations of Divine Love. Translated by Elizabeth Spearing. London: Penguin, 1998.Google Scholar
  21. Kean, Hilda. “Animal Protection in Britain.” In The Global Guide to Animal Protection. Edited by Andrew Linzey. 9–10. Urbana: University of Illinois, 2013.Google Scholar
  22. King, Don W. C. S. Lewis, Poet: The Legacy of his Poetic Impulse. Kent: Kent State University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
  23. ———. Yet One More Spring: A Critical Study of Joy Davidman. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2015.Google Scholar
  24. King, Shelley, and John B. Pierce, eds. The Princess and the Goblin and Other Fairy Tales, by George MacDonald. Peterborough: Broadview, 2014.Google Scholar
  25. Laurent, John. “C. S. Lewis and Animal Rights.” Mythlore 19.1 [Issue 71] (1993): 46–51.Google Scholar
  26. Lewis, C. S. The Abolition of Man. In The Complete C. S. Lewis Signature Classics. 689–738. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.Google Scholar
  27. ———. All My Road Before Me: The Diary of C. S. Lewis. Edited by Walter Hooper. San Diego: Harvest, 1991.Google Scholar
  28. ———. The Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  29. ———. Boxen: The Imaginary World of the Young C. S. Lewis. Edited by Walter Hooper. London: Fount, 1985.Google Scholar
  30. ———. The Collected Letters of C. S. Lewis. Volume 1. Family Letters 1905–1931. Edited by Walter Hooper. London: HarperCollins, 2000.Google Scholar
  31. ———. The Collected Letters of C. S. Lewis. Volume 2. Books, Broadcasts, and the War 1931–1949. Edited by Walter Hooper. New York: HarperCollins, 2004.Google Scholar
  32. ———. The Collected Letters of C. S. Lewis. Volume 3. Narnia, Cambridge, and Joy 1950–1963. Edited by Walter Hooper. New York: HarperCollins, 2007.Google Scholar
  33. ———. The Four Loves. Glasgow: Fount, 1987.Google Scholar
  34. ———. The Great Divorce. In The Complete C. S. Lewis Signature Classics. 463–541. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.Google Scholar
  35. ———. The Last Battle. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.Google Scholar
  36. ———. Letters to Children. Edited by Lyle W. Dorsett and Marjorie Lamp Mead. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.Google Scholar
  37. ———. Letters to Malcolm: Chiefly on Prayer. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012.Google Scholar
  38. ———. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.Google Scholar
  39. ———. The Magician’s Nephew. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.Google Scholar
  40. ———. “Membership.” In The Weight of Glory: And Other Addresses. 158–176. New York: HarperCollins, 2001.Google Scholar
  41. ———. Mere Christianity. In The Complete C. S. Lewis Signature Classics. 1–177. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.Google Scholar
  42. ———. Miracles: A Preliminary Study. In The Complete C. S. Lewis Signature Classics. 297–462. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.Google Scholar
  43. ———. “Miracles.” In God in the Dock: Essays on Theology and Ethics. Edited by Walter Hooper. 25–37. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970.Google Scholar
  44. ———. “Myth Became Fact.” In God in the Dock: Essays on Theology and Ethics. Edited by Walter Hooper. 63–67. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970.Google Scholar
  45. ———. Narrative Poems. Edited Walter Hooper. New York: HarperOne, 2017.Google Scholar
  46. ———. “On the Reading of Old Books.” In God in the Dock: Essays on Theology and Ethics. Edited by Walter Hooper. 200–207. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970.Google Scholar
  47. ———. “On Three Ways of Writing for Children.” In Essay Collection and Other Short Pieces. Edited by Lesley Walmsley. 505–514. London: HarperCollins, 2000.Google Scholar
  48. ———. Out of the Silent Planet. London: HarperCollins, 2005.Google Scholar
  49. ———. Perelandra. London: HarperCollins, 2005.Google Scholar
  50. ———. Poems. New York: HarperOne, 2017.Google Scholar
  51. ———. Prince Caspian: The Return to Narnia. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.Google Scholar
  52. ———. The Problem of Pain. In The Complete C. S. Lewis Signature Classics. 543–646. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.Google Scholar
  53. ———. Reflections on the Psalms. Boston: Mariner, 2012.Google Scholar
  54. ———. “Religion and Rocketry.” In Fern-Seed and Elephants and Other Essays on Christianity. Edited by Walter Hooper. 86–95. Glasgow: Collins, 1975.Google Scholar
  55. ———. “The Reply.” In God in the Dock: Essays on Theology and Ethics. Edited by Walter Hooper. 166–171. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970.Google Scholar
  56. ———. “The Shortest Way Home.” The Oxford Magazine 52 (May 10, 1934): 665. Under the penname Nat Whilk.Google Scholar
  57. ———. “Sonnet” The Oxford Magazine 54 (May 14, 1936): 575. Under the penname Nat Whilk.Google Scholar
  58. ———. Surprised by Joy: The Shape of My Early Life. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012.Google Scholar
  59. ———. That Hideous Strength: A Modern Fairy-Tale for Grown-Ups. London: HarperCollins, 2005.Google Scholar
  60. ———. Till We Have Faces: A Myth Retold. San Francisco: HarperOne, 2017.Google Scholar
  61. ———. “Vivisection.” In God in the Dock: Essays on Theology and Ethics. Edited by Walter Hooper. 224–228. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970.Google Scholar
  62. ———. The Voyage of the ‘Dawn Treader’. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.Google Scholar
  63. ———, ed. George MacDonald: An Anthology. New York: HarperCollins, 2001.Google Scholar
  64. Li, Chien-Hui. “Mobilizing Christianity in the Antivivisection Movement in Victorian Britain.” Journal of Animal Ethics 2.2 (2012): 141–161.Google Scholar
  65. Linzey, Andrew. “C. S. Lewis’s Theology of Animals.” Anglican Theological Review 80.1 (1998): 60–81.Google Scholar
  66. ———. Creatures of the Same God: Explorations in Animal Theology. Brooklyn: Lantern, 2009.Google Scholar
  67. MacDonald, George. At the Back of the North Wind. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001.Google Scholar
  68. MacDonald, George. “The Imagination: Its Functions and Its Culture.” In The Princess and the Goblin and Other Fairy Tales. Edited by Shelley King and John B. Pierce. 327–355. Peterborough: Broadview, 2014.Google Scholar
  69. MacDonald, George. The Princess and Curdie. London: Penguin, 1994.Google Scholar
  70. Marsden, George M. C. S. Lewis’s Mere Christianity: A Biography. Lives of Great Religious Books. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016.Google Scholar
  71. McGrath, Alister. C. S. Lewis—Eccentric Genius, Reluctant Prophet: A Life. Carol Stream, Illinois: Tyndale, 2013.Google Scholar
  72. Myers, Doris T. Myers. C. S. Lewis in Context. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1994.Google Scholar
  73. Niven, Charles D. History of the Humane Movement. London: Johnson, 1967.Google Scholar
  74. Patton, Kimberley. “‘Caught with Ourselves in the Net of Life and Time’: Traditional Views of Animals in Religion.” In A Communion of Subjects: Animals in Religion, Science, and Ethics. Edited by Paul Waldau and Kimberley Patton. 27–39. New York: Columbia University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
  75. Prickett, Stephen. “Two World of George MacDonald.” In For the Childlike: George MacDonald’s Fantasies for Children. Edited by Roderick McGillis. 17–29. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1992.Google Scholar
  76. Schell, Richard, and George M. Landes. “Bruise Thy Head, Bruise His Heel.” In A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature. Edited by David Lyle Jeffrey. 112–114. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1992.Google Scholar
  77. Schwartz, Sanford. C. S. Lewis on the Frontier: Science and the Supernatural in the Space Trilogy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
  78. Southgate, Christopher. The Groaning Creation: God, Evolution, and the Problem of Evil. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2008.Google Scholar
  79. Vanhoozer, Kevin J. “On Scripture.” In The Cambridge Companion to C. S. Lewis. Edited by Robert MacSwain and Michael Ward. 75–88. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.Google Scholar
  80. Ward, Michael. Planet Narnia: The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C. S. Lewis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
  81. Wilson, A. N. C. S. Lewis: A Biography. London: Harper Perennial, 2005.Google Scholar
  82. Wolfe, Judith. “On Power.” In The Cambridge Companion to C. S. Lewis. Edited by Robert MacSwain and Michael Ward. 174–188. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.Google Scholar
  83. Zaleski, Philip, and Carol Zaleski. The Fellowship: The Literary Lives of the Inklings: J. R. R. Tolkien, C. S. Lewis, Owen Barfield, Charles Williams. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Providence University CollegeOtterburneCanada

Personalised recommendations