Advertisement

Re-examining Islamic Evaluative Concepts in English Translations of the Quran: Friendship, Justice and Retaliation

  • Aladdin Al-Tarawneh
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Translating and Interpreting book series (PTTI)

Abstract

This chapter considers three key Islamic evaluative concepts often (mis)translated into English as friendship, justice, and retaliation. Relying on linguistic techniques—co-text and componential analysis—and the Quran exegesis, three concepts are discussed in various translations in search for the optimal translation into English. Al-Tarawneh argues that translating the Quran by espousing only a formal approach would compromise its credibility. Moreover, this chapter highlights two essential points in Quran translation. First, not everything is translatable: concepts unique to the source culture need to be preserved through transliteration and explained in annotations. Secondly, the translator accepting a commission for a translation of the Quran has to be well informed about context-dependent verses.

Keywords

Target Language Source Language Sacred Text Arabic Language Contextual Meaning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Bibliography

  1. Abu Dawud, I. H., & Ash’ath, S. B. (2008). English translation of Sunan Abu Dawud (Vol. V) (ed.: Zubair, H., trans: Al-Khattab, N.). Riyadh: Darussalam.Google Scholar
  2. Abu Saree, O. (1993). Friendship: A psychological perspective. Kuwait: Alam Al-Ma’rifah.Google Scholar
  3. Al-Bukhari, M. (1997a). The translation of the meanings of Sahih Al-Bukhari (Vol. II) (trans: Khan, M. M.). Riyadh: Darussalm.Google Scholar
  4. Al-Bukhari, M. (1997b). The translation of the meanings of Sahih Al-Bukhari (Vol. III) (trans: Khan, M. M.). Riyadh: Darussalm.Google Scholar
  5. Al-Bukhari, M. (1997c). The translation of the meanings of Sahih Al-Bukhari (Vol. IV) (trans: Khan, M. M.). Riyadh: Darussalm.Google Scholar
  6. Ali, A. (2004). Friendship with non-Muslims according to the Qur’an. Sydney: The al-Ghazzali Centre for Islamic Sciences and Human Development.Google Scholar
  7. Aziz, Z. (Ed.). (2010). English translation of the Holy Quran with explanatory notes. Wembley: Ahmadiyya Anjuman Publications.Google Scholar
  8. Almula, S. (1989). The question of the translatability of the Quran, with particular reference to some English versions. University of Glasgow. http://theses.gla.ac.uk/1934/1/1989almullaphd.pdf. Accessed 31 July 2015.
  9. Baker, M. (2006). Translation and conflict: A narrative account. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Beekman, J., & Callow, J. (1974). Translating the word of God. Michigan: Zondervan.Google Scholar
  11. Broad, N. (2013). A semantic structural analysis of logical relations in eastern Arrernte. Alice Springs: Australian Society for Indigenous Languages.Google Scholar
  12. Campanini, M. (2007). Is the Qur’an translatable? Some methodological issues. Doctor Virtualis, VII(1), 115–124.Google Scholar
  13. Dawood, N. J. (2006). The Koran. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  14. Dukes, K. (2011). English translation. The Quranic Arabic Corpus. http://corpus.quran.com/. Accessed 31 July 2015.
  15. Fisher, W. R. (1997). Narration, reason, and community. In H. P. Lewis & H. K. Sandra (Eds.), Memory, identity, community: The idea of narrative in the human sciences (pp. 307–327). Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  16. FoxNews. (2014, August 27). Exclusive: One-on-one with Anjem Choudary. http://video.foxnews.com/v/3752636923001/exclusive-one-on-one-with-anjem-choudary/?#sp=show-clips. Accessed 9 May 2015.
  17. Goffman, E. (1986). Frame analysis: An essay on the organization of experience. Boston: Northeastern University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Harré, R., & Moghaddam, F. M. (Eds.). (2013). The psychology of friendship and enmity: Relationships in love, work, politics, and war. California: Santa Barbara.Google Scholar
  19. Hatim, B., & Munday, J. (2004). Translation: An advanced resource book. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Ibn Majah, M. (2007). Sunan Ibn Majah (Vol. V) (trans: Al-Khattab, N.). Riyadh: Darussalam.Google Scholar
  21. Jakobson, R. (2012). On linguistic aspects of translation. In L. Venuti (Ed.), The translation studies reader (3rd ed., pp. 113–118). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Khan, A. (2003). Islam, Muslims and America: Understanding the basis of their conflict. New York: Algora Publishing.Google Scholar
  23. Larson, M. (1984/1998). Meaning-based translation: A guide to cross-language equivalence (2nd ed.). Lanham/New York/London: University Press of America.Google Scholar
  24. Numani, M. S., Nadvī, S. S., & Abdur Rehman, R. (2003). Siratun Nabi: Prophethood and beliefs. Karachi: Darul Ishaat.Google Scholar
  25. Pickthall, M. (1931). Arabs and non-Arabs and the question of translating the Quran. Islamic Culture, V, 422–433.Google Scholar
  26. Samaroo, B. (2005). Jesus or Jihad. Maitland: Xulon Press.Google Scholar
  27. Wasti, T. (2009). The application of Islamic criminal law in Pakistan: Sharia in practice. Leiden/Boston: Brill.Google Scholar
  28. Watt, W. M. (2013). Islamic fundamentalism and modernity. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

Arabic Bibliography

  1. Al-Afriki, I. (2010). Lissan Al-Arab (Vol. 10). Beirut: Dar Sader.Google Scholar
  2. Al-Jumayli, S. (1986). Al-Ijaz Al-Fikri fi Al-Quran. Beirut: Dar Ibn Zaydoun.Google Scholar
  3. Al-Wahidy, I.-H. (1991). Asbab Al-Nozool (ed.: Zaglool, K.). Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmyah.Google Scholar
  4. Mandhour, I. (1980). Lissan Al-Arab. Cairo: Dar Al-Ma’aref.Google Scholar
  5. Ubaydat, M. S. (1990). Dirassat Fi Uloom Al-Quran. Jordan: Dar Ammaar.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aladdin Al-Tarawneh
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Modern LanguagesQueen’s University BelfastBelfastUK

Personalised recommendations