Advertisement

Ways of Looking at the Elephant in the Room: A First Visual Exploration

  • Lorenzo Natali
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Green Criminology book series (PSGC)

Abstract

This chapter starts with a detailed examination of the explorative phase involved in my empirical research. In this part, I flesh out the theoretical and methodological frames of this proposal for visual research. While retaining as the centre of analysis the single case study, which was the focus of Chap. 2, the ideas in this chapter and in the following one (Chap. 4) represent a theoretical starting point for those interested in developing a visual approach in green criminology. Keeping itself open to interdisciplinary attitudes and to methodological contamination, I propose a method that sees the visual experience of the social world in action as its most central and qualifying moment.

Keywords

Ways of looking Cubist approach Visual exploration Field notes Visual qualitative methodologies 

References

  1. Anzoise, Valentina, Liberatore, Luca, Mutti, Cristiano and Torricelli, Allegra. 2005. Re-photographies: a Comparative Visual Synthesis of Territorial Change. In La Bicocca e il suo territorio, ed. Elena dell’Agnese. Milan: Skira.Google Scholar
  2. Athens, Lonnie. 2002. ‘Domination’. The Blind Spot in Mead’s Analysis of the Social Act. Journal of Classical Sociology 2(1): 25–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Athens, Lonnie. 2007. Radical Interactionism. Going Beyond Mead. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37(2): 137–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Auyero, Javier and Swistun, Déborah. 2009. Flammable. Environmental Suffering in an Argentine Shantytown. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Barthes, Roland. 2000 [1980]. Camera Lucida. Reflections on Photography. London: Vintage.Google Scholar
  6. Becker, Howard. 1998. Tricks of the Trade: How to Think about Your Research While You’re Doing it. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Berger, John. 1991 [1980]. About Looking. New York: Vintage International.Google Scholar
  8. Blumer, Herbert. 1969. Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  9. Bourdieu, Pierre. 2007. Sketch for a Self-analysis. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar
  10. Brisman, Avi. 2014. Of Theory and Meaning in Green Criminology. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy 3(2): 21–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chalfen, Richard. 2011. Looking Two Ways: Mapping the Social Scientific Study of Visual Culture. In The SAGE Handbook of Visual Research Methods, eds. Eric Margolis and Luc Pauwels. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  12. Ferrell, Jeff and Van de Voorde, Cécile. 2010. The Decisive Moment. Documentary Photography and Cultural Criminology. In Framing Crime. Cultural Criminology and the Image, eds. Keith Hayward and Mike Presdee. USA: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Geertz, Clifford. 1998 [1996]. Mondo globale, mondi locali. Cultura e politica alla fine del ventesimo secolo. Bologna: il Mulino. [Eine Welt in Stücken, in Welt in Stücken. Kultur und Politik am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts, Wien, Passagen Verlag, 1996, pp. 13-35].Google Scholar
  14. Gobo, Giampietro. 2001. Descrivere il mondo. Teoria e pratica del metodo etnografico in sociologia. Roma: Carocci.Google Scholar
  15. Goffman, Erving. 1989. On Fieldwork. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 18(2): 123–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Harper, Douglas. 1988. Visual Sociology: Expanding Sociological Vision. The American Sociologist 19(1): 54–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Harper, Douglas. 1993. Orizzonti sociologici. Saggio di sociologia visuale. Sociologia della comunicazione 10(19): 15–31.Google Scholar
  18. Harper, Douglas. 2000. Reimagining Visual Methods. Galileo to Neuromancer. In Handbook of Qualitative Research (2nd edn.), eds. Norman Denzin and Yvonna Lincoln. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  19. Harper, Douglas. 2012. Visual Sociology. USA: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Hayward, Keith. 2010. Opening the Lens. Cultural Criminology and the Image. In Framing Crime. Cultural Criminology and the Image, eds. Keith Hayward and Mike Presdee. USA: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Janesick, Valerie. 2000. The Choreography of Qualitative Research Design. Minuets, Improvisations, and Crystallization. In Handbook of Qualitative Research, eds. Norman Denzin and Yvonna Lincoln. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  22. Le Breton, David. 2007 [2006]. Il sapore del mondo. Un’antropologia dei sensi. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.Google Scholar
  23. Mead, George Herbert. 1963 [1934]. Mind, Self and Society: From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist. Chicago: The University of Chicago press.Google Scholar
  24. Parmeggiani, Paolo. 2006. Fotografare il territorio. Nuovi contributi della sociologia visuale. Udine: Quaderni del Dipartimento EST.Google Scholar
  25. Parmeggiani, Paolo. 2010. Integrating Multiple Research Methods: a Visual Sociology Approach to Venice. In Tourism and Visual Culture, eds. Peter Burns, Jo-Anne Lester and Lyn Bibbings. Vol. 2. UK: CAB International.Google Scholar
  26. Pauwels, Luc. 2010. Visual Sociology Reframed: An Analytical Synthesis and Discussion of Visual Methods in Social and Cultural Research. Sociological Methods & Research 38(4): 545–581.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rose, Gillian. 2012. Visual Methodologies. An Introduction to Researching with Visual Materials. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  28. Salgado, Sebastião. 2014 [2013]. Dalla mia Terra alla Terra. Roma: Contrasto.Google Scholar
  29. Smith, Eugene and Smith, Aileen. 1975. Minamata. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  30. Suchar, Charles. 1997. Grounding Visual Sociology Research in Shooting Scripts. Qualitative Sociology 20(1): 33–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Van de Voorde, Cécile. 2012. Ethnographic Photography in Criminological Research. In The Sage Handbook of Criminological Research Methods, eds. David Gadd, Susanne Karstedt and Messner Steven. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  32. Vassenden, Anders and Andersson, Mette. 2010. When an Image Becomes Sacred: Photo-Elicitation with Images of Holy Books. Visual Studies 25(2): 149–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorenzo Natali
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Social ResearchUniversity of Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations