Advertisement

The Politics of Establishing Reflexivity as a Core Component of Good Policing

  • Dominic A. Wood
  • Emma Williams
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents an argument favouring reflexivity as an important component in establishing what it means to be a good police officer. The term reflexivity is used here to denote a fully developed and enhanced reflective practitioner as presented within Schön’s (1991[1983]) seminal contribution. We see an officer’s reflexivity improving the more he/she reflects upon a wide range of variables when dealing with policing matters. This includes reflecting upon past experiences and performance, but also legal knowledge, awareness of force policy, appreciation of socio-economic and demographic circumstances and other factors that frame the professional practice contexts in which the officer is operating.

Keywords

Police Officer Degree Programme Practical Wisdom Police Service Police Code 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bradford, B. (2014) ‘Policing and Social Identity: Procedural Justice, Inclusion and Cooperation Between Police and Public’, Policing and Society 24(1): 22–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bryant, R., Cockcroft, T., Tong, S., Wood, D., (2013) Police Training and Education: Past, Present and Future. In J. Brown (ed) The Future of Policing, Abingdon: Routledge: 383–397.Google Scholar
  3. Chan, J. (2003) Fair Cop: Learning the Art of Policing, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Christopher, S. (2015a) ‘The Police Service Can Be a Critical Reflective Practice... If It Wants’, Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 9(4): 326–339.Google Scholar
  5. Christopher, S. (2015b) ‘The Quantum Leap: Police Recruit Training and the Case for Mandating Higher Education Pre-entry Schemes’, Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 9(4): 388–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cockcroft, T. (2013) Police Culture: Themes and Concepts, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Cockcroft, T., and Beattie, I. (2009) ‘Shifting Culture: Managerialism and the Rise of “Performance”’, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management (32) 3: 526–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Conservative Party (2014) Protecting Human Rights in the UK. The Conservatives’ Proposals for Changing Britain’s Human Rights Laws, London: Conservative Party.Google Scholar
  9. Curtis, I. (2015) Key Note 2. POLCON 6: 6th Annual Conference of The Higher Education Forum for Learning and Development in Policing. Staffordshire University, September 2–3, 2015.Google Scholar
  10. Davis, M. (2002) Profession, Code, and Ethics: Towards a Morally Useful Theory of Today’s Professions, Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  11. Delattre, E. J. (2011) Character and Cops. Ethics and Policing, 6th Edition, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  12. Emsley, C., (2009) The Great British Bobby: A History of British Policing from 1829 to the Present, London: Quercus.Google Scholar
  13. Fleming, J. (2015) Key Note 4. POLCON 6: 6th Annual Conference of The Higher Education Forum for Learning and Development in Policing. Staffordshire University, September 2–3, 2015.Google Scholar
  14. Fukuyama, F. (2011) The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution, London: Profile Books.Google Scholar
  15. Gallie, W.B. (1956) ‘Essentially Contested Concepts’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 56: 167–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Grint, K. (2007) ‘Learning to Lead: Can Aristotle Help Us Find the Road to Wisdom?’, Leadership 3(2): 231–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Guilfoyle, S. (2013) Intelligent Policing: How Systems Thinking Eclipse Conventional Management Practice, Axeminster: Triarchy Press.Google Scholar
  18. Haas, N.E., Van Craen, M., Skogan, W.G., & Fleitas, D.M. (2015) ‘Explaining Officer Compliance: The Importance of Procedural Justice and Trust Inside a Police Organization’, Criminology and Criminal Justice 15(4): 442–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hallenberg, K.M. (2012) Scholarly Detectives: Police Professionalisation via Academic Education. PhD thesis, University of Manchester.Google Scholar
  20. Halpin, D. (2015) ‘Essaying and Reflective Practice in Education: The Legacy of Michael de Montaigne’, Journal of Philosophy of Education 49(1): 129–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Heaton, R. & Tong, S. (2015) ‘Evidence-Based Policing: From Effectiveness to Cost-Effectiveness’, Policing. A Journal of Policy and Practice doi:  10.1093/police/pav030.
  22. Hill, P.H., Bedau, H.A., Chechile, R.A., Crochetiere, W.J., Kellerman, B.L., Ounjian, D., Pauker, S.G., Pauker, S.P., & Rubin, J.Z. (1978) Making Decisions: A Multidisciplinary Introduction, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  23. Holdaway, S. (2015) The Re-Professionalisation of the Police in England and Wales. Lecture presented at Canterbury Christ Church University, 17th April 2015.Google Scholar
  24. Kinsella, E.A. (2007) ‘Embodied Reflections and the Epistemology of Reflective Practice’, in Journal of Philosophy of Education 41(3): 395–409.Google Scholar
  25. Kleinig, J. (1996) The Ethics of Policing, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Manning, P.K. (2010) Democratic Policing in a Changing World, Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar
  27. Meese, E. (1993) ‘Community policing and the police officer’, Perspectives on Policing, Vol. 15, Washington, DC and Harvard University, Boston, MA: National Institute of Justice, p. xx.Google Scholar
  28. Myhill, A. & Bradford, B. (2011) ‘Can Police Enhance Public Confidence by Improving Quality of Service? Results from Two Surveys in England and Wales’, Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy 22(4): 397–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Muir, W. (1977) Police: Streetcorner Politicians, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  30. Neyroud, P. (2011) Review of Police Leadership and Training Volume One, London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  31. Neyroud P.W. & Beckley A. (2001) Policing, Ethics and Human Rights, Cullompton, Devon: Willan.Google Scholar
  32. Patten, C. (1999) A New Beginning: Policing in Northern Ireland. The Report of the Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland (Patten Report). London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  33. Polanyi, M. (1967) The Tacit Dimension, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Police Federation (2008) The Office of Constable. The bedrock of modern day British policing, Leatherhead: Police Federation of England and Wales.Google Scholar
  35. Punch, M. (1979) ‘The Secret Social Service’ in S. Holdaway (ed) The British Police, London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
  36. Reiner R. (2010) The Politics of the Police, 4th Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Reiner, R. (2013) ‘Who Governs? Democracy, Plutocracy, Science and Prophecy in Policing’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 13(2) 161–180.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Reiner, R. (2015) ‘Utopia in one institution? Can policing be democratic in an unjust society?’ presented at Policing and Democracy in the 21st Century, The International Criminological Research Unit, Liverpool University, 17th September 2015.Google Scholar
  39. Roach L.T. (2002) ‘Detecting Crime Part I: Detection and the Police’, Criminal Law Review, May 2002: 379–390.Google Scholar
  40. Rowe, M. (2015) ‘Police! Camera! Lay observation!’ presented at Policing and Democracy in the 21st Century, The International Criminological Research Unit, Liverpool University, 17th September 2015.Google Scholar
  41. Ryle, G. (1949) The Concept of Mind, London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
  42. Schön, D. (1991[1983]) The Reflective Practitioner: How professionals think in action, Avebury: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  43. Sklansky, D. A. (2008) Democracy and the Police, Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Students Loan Company (2015) Loan Repayment. Available on-line, accessed 15/10/15: http://www.slc.co.uk/students/loan-repayment.aspx
  45. Tyler, T. (2003) ‘Procedural Justice, Legitimacy, and the Effective Rule of Law’, Crime and Justice 30: 283–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Silvestri, M. (2003) Women in Charge: Policing, Gender and Leadership, Devon: Willan Publishing.Google Scholar
  47. Waddington, P.A.J. (1999) Policing Citizens, London: UCL Press.Google Scholar
  48. Westera, N. Kebbell, M., Milne, B and Green, T. (2016) ‘The Prospective Detective: Developing the Effective Detective of the Future’, Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy 26(2): 197–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Winsor, T. (2012) Independent Review of Police Officer and Staff Remuneration and Conditions Final Report – Volume 1 (March 2012) Cm 8325-I. London: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  50. Winsor, T. (2013) Operational independence and the new accountability of policing. John Harris Memorial Lecture to the Police Foundation, available at: http://www.hmic.gov.uk/media/hmcic-tom-winsor-john-harris-memorial-lecture.pdf (accessed 20 March 2014).
  51. Wood, D.A. (2014) ‘The Importance of Liberal Values Within Policing: Police and Crime Commissioners, Police Independence and the Spectre of Illiberal Democracy’, Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy. DOI:  10.1080/10439463.2014.922086.Google Scholar
  52. Wood, D.A. & Tong, S. (2009) ‘The Future of Initial Police Training: A University Perspective’, International Journal of Police Science & Management 11(3): 294–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wood, D.A. & Bryant, R.P. (2015) ‘Researching Police Professionalism’ in M. Brunger, S. Tong & D. Martin (Eds) Introduction to Policing Research: Taking Lessons from Practice, Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  54. Worden, R.E. (1990) ‘A Badge and a Baccalaureate: Policies, Hypotheses, and Further Evidence’, Justice Quarterly 7: 565–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zakaria, F., (2004) The Future of Freedom. Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad, London: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominic A. Wood
    • 1
  • Emma Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Canterbury Christ Church UniversityCanterburyUK

Personalised recommendations