Advertisement

Learning and Practicing Citizenship and Democracy Behind Bars

  • Michelle Inderbitzin
  • Joshua Cain
  • Trevor Walraven
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology book series (PSIPP)

Abstract

Many prisoners were convicted of crimes and incarcerated before they had developed a clear understanding of what it means to live and participate in a democratic society. As adults, much of what these incarcerated individuals know about democracy and citizenship they have learned within the prison environment. This chapter is coauthored with elected leaders of the Lifers’ Unlimited Club at the Oregon State Penitentiary. Leadership in prisoner-led clubs reinforces principles of democracy by showing prisoners that their voices do count and that they can make a difference in their daily lives. These young men deal with the deprivation of liberty through positive means, “rejecting the rejectors” by becoming stronger and better citizens in prison than many of their counterparts in the outside community.

Keywords

Criminal Justice System Prison Population Correctional Facility Monthly Meeting Alcoholic Anonymous 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bergner, D. (1998). God of the Rodeo: The quest for redemption in Louisiana’s Angola prison. New York: Ballantine Books.Google Scholar
  2. Dzur, A. W. (2014). An introduction: Penal democracy. The Good Society, 23(1), 1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Edgar, K., Jacobson, J., & Biggar, K. (2011). Time well spent: A practical guide to active citizenship and volunteering in prison. London: Prison Reform Trust.Google Scholar
  4. Gottschalk, M. (2014). Democracy and the carceral state in America. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 651, 288–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Harcourt, B. E. (2014). The invisibility of the prison in democratic theory: A problem of “virtual democracy”. The Good Society, 23(1), 6–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hayner, N. S. & Ash, E. (1940). The prison as a community. American Sociological Review, 5(4), 577–583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Heald, M. (2015, June 25). For inmates “the wall” has a totally different meaning. Runner’s World. Retrieved from http://www.runnersworld.com/runners-stories/for-inmates-the-wall-has-a totally-different-meaning.
  8. Inderbitzin, M. (2012). Prisons as places of hope and transformative learning. Appreciative Inquiry Practitioner, 14(1), 20–25.Google Scholar
  9. Inderbitzin, M. (2015). Active learning and educated hope: College and prison partnerships in a liberal education. Liberal Education, 101(3), 46–51.Google Scholar
  10. Inderbitzin, M., Walraven, T., & Cain, J. (2013). Juvenile lifers, learning to lead. In D. Hartman & C. Uggen (Eds.), Crime and the punished (pp. 171–185). New York: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
  11. Irwin, J. (1970). The felon. Berkeley, CA: University of California.Google Scholar
  12. Justice, B. & Meares, T. L. (2014). How the criminal justice system educates citizens. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 651, 159–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lee, H., Porter, L. C., & Comfort, M. (2014). Consequences of family member incarceration: Impacts on civic participation and perceptions of the legitimacy and fairness of government. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 651, 44–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Loury, G. C. (2014). Detention, democracy, and inequality in a divided society. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 651, 178–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Owens, M. L. (2014). Ex-felons’ organization-based political work for carceral reforms. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 651, 256–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rideau, W. (2010). In the place of justice. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  17. Scharf, P. (1975). Democracy and prison reform: A theory of democratic participation in prison. The Prison Journal, 55, 21–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Scharf, P. & Hickey, J. (1976). The prison and the inmate’s conception of legal justice: An experiment in democratic education. Criminal Justice & Behavior, 3(2), 107–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Shere, D. (2005). Cain’s redemption. Chicago: Northfield Publishing.Google Scholar
  20. Sibley, D. (1995). Geographies of exclusion: Society and difference in the West. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sykes, G. M. (1958). Society of captives. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University.Google Scholar
  22. Uggen, C. & Inderbitzin, M. (2010). The price and the promise of citizenship: Extending the vote to non-incarcerated felons. In N. A. Frost, J. D. Freilich, & T. R. Clear (Eds.), Contemporary issues in criminal justice policy: Policy proposals from the American Society of Criminology conference (pp. 61–68). Belmont, CA: Cengage/Wadsworth.Google Scholar
  23. Weaver, V. M., Hacker, J. S., & Wildeman, C. (2014). Detaining democracy? Criminal justice and American civil life. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 651, 6–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle Inderbitzin
    • 1
  • Joshua Cain
    • 2
  • Trevor Walraven
    • 2
  1. 1.Oregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Oregon State PenitentiarySalemUSA

Personalised recommendations