The “Chinese Question” in Machado’s Journalism

  • Sonia Roncador
Part of the New Directions in Latino American Cultures book series (NDLAC)


This chapter adds one further (and unstudied) layer to the controversy surrounding Machado’s racial identity by analyzing his contributions to late-nineteenth-century debates regarding Chinese immigration to Brazil. In order to examine Machado’s ambivalent position on this question, Roncador relies on his crônicas(chronicles), reflecting on the visit of Mandarin Tong King Sing and his African-American assistant, G.A. Butley, to Brazil in October 1883. As Roncador argues, by ambiguously embracing the popular Sinophobia of his time, Machado ends up addressing the contentious overlap of nonwhite immigrant servitude and black slavery in Brazil. His crônicas and column reveal his strategy of using by-proxy black(ened) servants to denounce the whitening ideology that would soon give rise to the republican regime.


Human Trafficking Chinese Immigration Asian Immigration European Immigrant Chinese Worker 
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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonia Roncador
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TexasAustinUSA

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